Yang Jibo: Mao Zedong’s seal is true and false

In society, many people pay attention to Mao Zedong’s collection. Out of their love for Mao Zedong, they collected some seal, writing related articles or publishing books, all of which are worthy of recognition. However, there are still many questions in the Mao Zedong Tibetan seal and who has engraved the seal of Mao Zedong. In order to let everyone no longer misunderstand, the author combined with Mao Zedong’s calligraphy characteristics and the existence works of several seal -engraved masters, and talked about some of his own opinions on the Internet and books on the Internet and books.

“Mao Zedong Seal” covered in “Qinyuan Chun · Snow”

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

The Mao Zedong Book mentioned by several experts and scholars in the writing article In February 1936, a “Qinyuanchun · Snow” was stamped at the settlement place.

In the 1950s, Mao Zedong gave Ye Gongchuo’s “Qinyuanchun · Snow”. Central Archives Collection

In the 1930s, Mao Zedong’s horizontal “Qinyuanchun · Snow”. Central Archives Collection

Let’s talk about the seal of the “Qinyuanchun · Snow”.

Ding Xiaoping mentioned the “Mao Zedong Seal” in the article “Mao Zedong Seal Source Stream Exam”. Mr. Ding believes that although the hand of this seal is a mystery, according to the relevant person’s verification, in Mao Zedong’s handwriting work “Qinyuanchun · Snow” in February 1936, there is a seal of the settlement place. The earliest seal of Mao Zedong, what you know. Ding Xiaoping did not show this work in the article. The key “related person” is not explained in the article.

When he arrived at Du Zhongming’s book “Mao Zedong’s Printing and Printing”, this work appeared. Mr. Du wrote in the book: “This article written on February 7, 1936, a new word completed on Yuanjiagou, Qingxuan County, northern Shaanxi, has been stored in Mao Zedong for nearly ten years. It wasn’t until November 14, 1945 that when this ‘new word’ has become an old work, it is late. A rare pen war between the two parties. “

In Wang Benxing’s “Mao Zedong Seal Appreciation”, this statement has developed new development. Wang Benxing wrote in the book: In February 1936, Mao Zedong led the Red Army Anti -Japanese Pioneer Red Legion and the Red Fifteenth Army to cross the Yellow River. Every snowy snow, so I wrote a magnificent and magnificent “Qinyuanchun · Snow”. At that time, after Mao Zedong’s handwriting, there was a Bai Wen “Mao Zedong seal” in the settlement office. The book also said: “Mao Zedong wrote a lot of calligraphy works with his own poems in his life, but most of the works are not printed. And this” Qinyuanchun · Snow “works, there is one side of Mao Zedong seal. It is precious and rare. This is a white text of one side, and its artistic style is Hanyin all the way. “Experts and scholars think that this seal is true, and the people are convinced. Is that true?

According to the “Mao Zedong Chronicles”, Mao Zedong wrote this word on February 7, 1936, but no one was seen at the time of Mao Zedong.

In this case, we might as well talk about the characteristics of Mao Zedong calligraphy in the 1930s. Mao Zedong’s book style is roughly divided into four periods: from 1915 to 1945 was the formation of his calligraphy; from 1945 to 1958 was the development period of his calligraphy; from 1958 to 1966 was the mature period of his calligraphy; from 1967 to 1976 The year is the exhibition period of his hard pen calligraphy. During the formation of Mao Zedong’s calligraphy in the 1930s, from his brushwork, Mao Zedong’s calligraphy was characterized by the characters towards the left. A “Qinyuanchun · Snow” (Figure 3), which was preserved in the Central Archives in the 1930s, was written in the 1930s. In addition to the above characteristics, it also wrote the “generation of Tianjiao” as “peerless posture”. This horizontal hand book proves from the side that Mao Zedong’s font at this time cannot be the appearance in Figure 1. Some people also say that the work of “Qinyuanchun · Snow” in February 1936 was actually imitated the work of Mao Zedong’s copy of Ye Gongqiao in the 1950s (Figure 2), but fake falsification The wrist is very powerful, like it, and almost can’t see any flaws.

Besides, the signature of the off -site office is not as good as Mao Zedong’s original signature. In the book “Mao Zedong Signature Collection”, there are many patterns signed by Mao Zedong in the 1930s. In fact, the signature on this work is to “graft” Mao Zedong’s signature in the 1950s.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

Since the words and signatures on this “Qinyuanchun · Snow” are fake, the seal stamped on the off -model must be false. At this point, the seal on this work has been clear.

Some of the Mao Zedong signed patterns formed in the 1930s

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

Wu Pu, talk about Mao Zedong seal in the moonlight

Figure 4 is said to be a seal for Wu Pu

Figure 5 It is said to be the seal of the moonlight for the moonlight

In addition, the two parties Mao Zedong seal are questionable.

The seal of Figure 4 is said to be ruled by Mao Zedong. This seal appeared in many articles about Mao Zedong seal.

Ding Xiaoping, Du Zhongming, and Wang Benxing all said that the seal was carved by Wu Pu. However, Wu Pu, which was preserved in the Central Archives, was not carved by Mao Zedong. Will it be Wu Pu and the seal of “Mao’s book” engraved? According to the “Wu Pu Tang Yinju”, in 1963, Wu Pu was 42 years old and engraved with Mao Zedong’s “Mao’s collection”. No one seal was seen in the score, and the author could not help but question the authenticity of this seal.

One of the doubts about the author is said to talk about the seal of Mao Zedong. Du Zhongming mentioned in the book “Mao Zedong’s Printing Spectrum · Seal” that the seal showed the seal of the Figure 5 was the lean gold body of the moonlight. This statement is obviously wrong. But why the seal of this seal is unclear.

There are many stories to be tapped about Mao Zedong’s collection. The author only shares the stories of Mao Zedong’s printed with his familiar Mao Zedong, and provides a new perspective for everyone to understand the great man.

On the cover of Sno (that is, Edgar Snow), Wang Heng’s “Mao Zedong’s Autobiography” (left), and July 13, 1937, Mao Zedong’s handbook inscription (middle) was covered with Zhu Wen “Mao Zedong seal” (Right), this seal is now stored in the Central Archives.

How much is the hidden printing

How many parties are there in Mao Zedong’s collection? This question looks simple, but it is difficult to answer.

On the one hand, Mao Zedong does not pay attention to the seal, and he generally does not like to use seal; on the other hand, Mao Zedong seal left in the society does not know how much, and some seals have not yet appeared. Therefore, it is still difficult to answer how many seals Mao Zedong have.

Tian Jiaying’s daughter Zeng Li said that her father had been in charge of Mao Zedong’s seal, so he met a lot of famous printed masters, such as Qian Junzheng, Sha Menghai, Fang Jiekan, Chen Julai, Ye Luyuan, Don Lifu, Wu Pu and others. He was engraved for Mao Zedong. There are many seals of her father who are also from the hands of these famous artists. Like Comrade Qi Yanming, who has served as the Deputy Secretary -General of the State Council, is engraved with good calligraphy and seal. However, the seals of Sha Menghai, Fang Jiekan, Ye Luyuan, and Don Lifer’s engraved seal she mentioned have not been found so far.

At present, the Central Archives has preserved 24 square Mao Zedong Tibetan seals, including famous chapters, 5 parties, 5 parties, and 1 leisure chapter. Mao Zedong’s collections known outside the Central Archives include: Chairman Mao’s Memorial Hall has saved at least 5 parties, 1 party in the Mao Zedong Relics Museum in Shaoshan, and 1 party for the seal of Fu Baoshi (kept by his descendants). May also collect some Mao Zedong seals in individuals or museums. Therefore, how many parties have Mao Zedong’s seal have not been concluded, but one thing can be determined, that is, there are 9 parties used by Mao Zedong.

“Mao Zedong Seal” in Snowwin

On October 18, 1937, the “Democratic During the Democratic War” published by the Fudan University Cultural Destingment Agency and published by the Shanghai Liming Book Bureau, which was serialized by Sno (that is, Edgar Snow), Wang Heng translated ” Mao Zedong Autobiography (3). The illustration illustration is the inscription of Mao Zedong’s handwriting on July 13, 1937: “Defend Pingjin, defend North China, and defend the whole country. Working hard, this is the method of reaching this general principle. It is necessary to shake, move, and negatively do not work hard. Mao Zedong 1937 and July 13th. ” Essence At that time, the 6th day after the outbreak of the Lugou Bridge Incident, Mao Zedong was in Yan’an. According to relevant information, the inscription of this hand was transferred to the Digest Pan Hannian through Pan Hannian, the director of the Eighth Route Army in Shanghai.

Speaking of Snow’s “Mao Zedong Autobiography”, there is another story. Snow was the first Western journalist to interview the Communist Party of China. Mao Zedong attached great importance to the interview with the American journalist. On one occasion, Snow prepared to interview Mao Zedong. Among the many issues listed, there was a problem such as “you have been married several times”. At that time, Wu Liangping, deputy minister of the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. When Mao Zedong saw the list of Snow’s interview, he smiled and said that it was a personal business, and there was no need to say. However, as the leader of the Communist Party of China, the Kuomintang promoted that you died several times. He also said that the Communist Party was a bandit, killing, setting fire, and co -wife. You have to let the world know the true face of the Communist Party. Mao Zedong accepted Snow’s suggestion, and there was no need to say in the order of the question on the outline of the interview, but what you need to understand, I will make it clear. While Mao Zedong dictated, the translation showed the recorded content to Mao Zedong, Mao Zedong modified it again, and finally formed “Mao Zedong Autobiography”. Sun Hanbing, the founder of the Digest and Professor of Fudan University, was published smoothly in order to make the manuscript, and directly found Shao Lizi, the Minister of the Propaganda Department of the Kuomintang Central Committee. After being supported, “Mao Zedong Autobiography” was published publicly in the “Democratic During the Starter War”. Because “Mao Zedong’s Autobiography” he has read and modified it, after serialized integrated books were given to Mao Zedong, he attached great importance to not only writing the name on the cover of the book, but also stamped this seal again.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

In addition, on July 15th and 17th, 1937, Mao Zedong also had the same seal after writing two pro -letter letter to Yan Xishan. Yan Xishan, the word Baichuan, was the vice chairman of the then National Government Military Commission and the director of the Taiyuan Appeasement Office. In the letter on July 15th, Mao Zedong pointed out: “Regarding the policy of resolutely resisting the war and the method of reaching the task, the Red Army went to the front line to cooperate with the combat issue. “Mao Zedong seal”. On July 17th, Mao Zedong wrote to Yan Xishan: “Regarding the collaborative battle of the Red Army, Zhou Xiaozhou was sent yesterday to make Peng Yufeng return to Taiyuan, and then asked for instructions. The Japanese invaders were in great danger in North China, mobilized to fight against the war to the end, and launched it to the end. It is urgent to help the people and help the rebels. There are several people who have guided several people in North China to stop in Taiyuan, and Mr. Qi is convenient. “At the end of the letter, there was still” Mao Zedong seal “.

Five -party seal in the collection of books

Mao Zedong loves reading. When his book is first appeared, it is not yet determined.

Mao Zedong’s early collection of books was mostly covered with “Mao Zedong” handwriting signature chapter.

In the books such as Mao Zedong’s book “Dialectical Materialism Tutorial” and “Confucianism and Taoism Theory” and other books, there are “Mao Zedong Seal” (that is, the seal of the “Mao Zedong Autobiography”).

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

There is a seal of “Mao’s Collection” in one side of the iron line, which is covered in many books such as “The Four Jies of the Early Tang Dynasty”, “The End of the End of the Liao Shi Chronicle” and “The End of the Golden History Chronicle”, but the side seal is not known.

The rectangular “Mao’s Collection” seal is covered in the collection of “Left” in the Communist Movement “in the” Left “,” World Politics “,” The History of the Instance of the Universe “and” Eria “.

There is also one side of the “Mao’s Collection” seal kept in the Central Archives, which is in the book “Legend of the Qing Dynasty Scholars”. “The Legend of the Qing Dynasty Scholars” was written by Ye Gongchao’s ancestors, and was sent to Mao Zedong in 1953. Ye Gongchao, known as a tiger, was a member of the Cultural Education Committee of the People’s Republic of China, the deputy director of the Central Cultural and History Research Museum, and the president of the Beijing Chinese Painting Academy. After receiving a book, Mao Zedong wrote a letter to Ye Gongqiao.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

Mr. Yuhu: The portrait of the Qing Dynasty scholars has been received. I wonder if there is still the first episode? If so, I would like to look at it. Shunzhi pays tribute to Mao Zedong August 16, 1953.

Later, Mao Zedong transferred this book to Tian Jiaying. Because Mao Zedong knew that Tian Jiaying loved to collect, he especially liked to collect historical materials for nearly 300 years. After Tian Jiaying got this book, he first stamped the “Mao’s Collection” seal on the preface page, and then covered the private seal of “Xiao Mang Cang Cangzhai”. Therefore, the seal of this “Mao’s collection” should have been available in 1953.

See only two parties in poems

Mao Zedong’s seal used in poetry is currently only seen by two parties, which is governed by Cao Lizhen.

Cao Lizhen, Ming Jin, a famous seal carvingist, enjoys the reputation of “Liu (Yazi) Poems, Yin (Slim Stone) Painting, Cao (Lixuan) Seal” as early as the 1940s.

In 1945, Cao Lizhen was governed by Mao Zedong and stamped on the “Qinyuanchun · Snow” album inscribed by Mao Zedong for Liu Yazi. Although this is not the period when the calligraphy is the most mature period of Mao Zedong’s calligraphy, but with these two seals, they are angry with the work. Cao Lizhen was praised by Liu Yazi and was engraved with Mao Zedong’s reputation, so he was famous.

The origin of the two seals must also be mentioned from August 1945, Mao Zedong went to Chongqing to negotiate peaceful negotiations with the Kuomintang. During this period, he met with his old friend Liu Yazi and was very happy. At that time, Liu Yazi compiled a poem of the Republic of China and chose Mao Zedong’s “Seven Laws · Long March”. He wanted to ask him to correct it to see if there was any mistake. Mao Zedong gladly agreed, and then said that in 1936 he wrote a word, which was similar to Liu Yazi’s poetry. If he wanted to copy it, he wrote on the letterhead of the “Eighteenth Group Army Chongqing Office”. ·Snow”. Liu Yazi watched it, overjoyed, and praised the word than Su Shi and Xin Qiji, and had a long time. At first glance, there was no question or signature in this word. He made a fold, and asked Guo Moruo to write on the folding “to grasp the present” and “Northland Scenery”. Then Liu Yazi asked Mao Zedong to write this word again. This time he reminded Mao Zedong to seal, and Mao Zedong did not bring a seal at the time.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

As a result, Liu Yazi deliberately invited Cao Lizhen, a engraver who was detained in Chongqing to select two Shoushan stone materials, and engraved one side of Bai Wen “Mao Zedong Seal” and a “Run” seal of Zhu Wen. After engraving, Liu Yazi first copied the new seal of the two sides in “Qinyuanchun · Snow” that Mao Zedong was copied to him, and then presented Mao Zedong. Although Mao Zedong did not often use the seal, Mr. Liu’s presence of printed will also receive it. On January 28, 1946, Mao Zedong sent a letter Liu Yazi and said that he received the seal, which said: “A long time ago, he took a long time ago. The peace and the words of Ms. Sun are all worshiped. “I won’t say much about the follow -up things. But a person who has signed on the fold is still alive. He is Song Ping, a representative of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

“Mao Zedong Seal”, Bai Wen, specifications of 2.5 cm × 2.5 cm × 7.9 cm. The material is Shoushan Stone, and the edge is “Mr. Run Weng’s righteousness.

The other party is the seal of “Run”, Zhu Wen, with a specification of 2.5 cm × 2.5 cm × 7.9 cm. The material is Shoushan Stone.

The two seals carved by Cao Lizhen were stored in the Central Archives.

Signature chapter in the official document

Mao Zedong used a signature chapter as a steel seal for the appointment of staff. The word on the signature chapter was written by Mao Zedong after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. For example, Mao Zedong was appointed as the “No. 2 appointment” of the Central Military Commission’s chairman, and the “No. 1 appointment letter” of Zhou Enlai as the Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government Council. Essence This signature chapter is now saved in Chairman Mao Memorial Hall.

Many treasures only use nine squares

Mao Zedong did not pay much attention to the seal, and it was originally used because many people did not understand him at that time. Later, everyone knew Mao Zedong, and he basically didn’t need to print privately.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

Although Mao Zedong has no conclusion, it is obvious that he has used it more valuable.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

As mentioned earlier, Mao Zedong used 8 seals, and the signature chapters of “Mao Zedong Seal”, “Mao Zedong” in the early days were signature chapters, “Mao’s book collection” (rectangular). “Mao’s collection of books”, the “Mao’s book” with an unknown lane, the signature chapter of the “Mao Zedong” handbook of official duties, and Cao Lizhen engraved the “Mao Zedong Seal” and “Runzhi” seal. Here we have to say that the earliest Mao Zedong seal appeared in 1 party, that is, the article “The Red Fourth Army first entered Fujian”, which was published in the second issue of “Revolutionary Cultural Relics” in the second issue of “Revolutionary Cultural Relics” in 1979. In other words, Mao Zedong used a total of 9 seals.

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

Seal transfer to the Central Archives

In June 1983, the Archives of the Secretary Bureau of the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China sent Yang Qinglu (later served as the National Archives Bureau and Secretary of the Party Committee of the Central Archives) with a group of Mao Zedong to the Central Archives for transfer procedures. Yang Qinglu was received by Yang Gongzhi of the Central Archives of the Central Archives (later served as the National Archives Bureau and Deputy Director of the Central Archives). The two sides counted the seal and signed the transfer document. In December of the same year, these seals were transferred to the Mao Zedian’s manuscript, and then the section chief Zheng Shulan.

Mao Zedong’s Tibetan seal transferred to the Central Archives is divided into three categories: one is Mao Zedong’s famous chapters, the other is the collection of books, and the third is poetry chapters, a total of 24 square meters. Among them, 23 parties and storage chapters, poetry chapters 1 party. The other two parties Mao Zedong used the signature chapter of official duties, which stated in the handover document that it was kept by Chairman Mao Memorial Hall.

At the beginning of the Mao Zedong Tibetan printing to the Central Archives, one side was printed in a printing box, and there were seal and Runge in it. The Central Archives believes that it is inappropriate to keep it in this way, so I made a small cabinet and moved these seals from the original print box to the cabinet. Later, the Central Archives customized a set of print boxes to keep the seal in other categories. Today, the storage conditions of Tibetan seals are even better. The printing boxes used by the seal and the customized print boxes used by the Central Archives were properly kept.

Who kept these seals before entering the Secretary of the Central Office? Some people think it is Tian Jiaying. Tian Jiaying (1922-1966), formerly known as Zeng Zhengchang, is named Tian Jiaying, was born in Shuangliu County, Sichuan Province, and one of Mao Zedong’s “five secretaries”. He was responsible for managing Mao Zedong’s manuscript, and he was taken for granted. Tian Jiaying’s daughter Zeng Li said that her father had been in charge of Mao Zedong’s seal. It is said that Mrs. Tian Jiaying also mentioned that Tian Jiaying was the “Minister of Palm Seal”, and Mao Zedong had two major drawers. Tian Jiaying is not only the secretary of Mao Zedong, but also a collector. He believes that “the purpose of collection is three: one is to appreciate the calligraphy art of the motherland; the other is to accumulate historical materials for nearly three hundred years in order to better study the history of the last dynasty; Do not pay attention to the regrets of the literati ink in the Qing Dynasty. ” Over the years, Tian Jiaying has made almost all of his salary and manuscript fees, and has gathered more than a thousand scholars, officials, painters, poets, couplets, fabrications, and letters of more than 500 scholars, officials, painters, poets, and poets from the end of the Ming Dynasty. In 2013, in the hometown of Tian Jiaying, the Shuangliu County Archives of Sichuan Province held the “From Yongfu Township to Yongfu Hall” Mao Zedong Secretary Tian Jiaying’s Pingxing Show. When the author participated in the event as the deputy director of the National Archives, he saw it. Hidden in his life was really shocking.

However, the transfer of handover documents showed that the 24 square Mao Zedong seal transferred to the Central Archives was actually kept by two people: 22 parties came from Tian Jiaying and the other two from Ye Zilong. Ye Zilong (1916-2003), a native of Liuyang County (now Liuyang City), Hunan Province, participated in the revolution in 1930 and worked at Mao Zedong in 1935. He is also one of Mao Zedong’s “five secretaries”, and his qualifications are older than Tian Jiaying.

The two seals of Ye Zilong’s storage

Let’s talk about the two parties Mao Zedong’s seal kept by Ye Zilong.

One is “Mao Zedong Seal”, Zhu Wen, with a specification of 2.6 cm × 2.6 cm × 7.5 cm and the material is Shoushan Stone.

The second is “Mao Zedong Seal”, Zhu Wen, with a specification of 2 cm × 2 cm × 2.6 cm. The material is Qingtian Stone.

The two parties “Mao Zedong seal” have been kept by Ye Zilong. One party did not see it, and the other side Mao Zedong began to use since 1937. This seal was the earliest in the middle of the Central Archives in the middle of the Mao Zedong. The seal of “Mao Zedong’s Autobiography” and some of Mao Zedong’s books were stamped.

Twenty -two seals of Tianjiaying’s storage

杨继波:毛泽东印章真假辨

In the 24 party Mao Zedong Tibetan seal of the Central Archives of the Central Archives, the two parties kept by Ye Zilong were unknown. In the 22 -party seal kept by Tian Jiaying, except for 1 party seal carved person unknown, the remaining 21 Fang came from the hands of 11 famous artists. Among them, Cao Lizhen was engraved by Mao Zedong’s seal, and the seal of the poem “Qinyuanchun · Snow” covered by Chairman’s handwriting poem “Qinyuan Chun · Snow” was described earlier.

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