In recent years, protein powder, as a nutritional supplement, has become more and more sought after by consumers, and even becomes a must -have “muscle enhancement” food for everyone in fitness people. So, what exactly is protein powder? Can everyone eat it?
The so -called protein powder is generally a powder composed of purified soy protein or casein, whey protein or the above -mentioned protein combinations. Its use is to supplement protein for individuals lack of protein. In general, protein powder is mainly suitable for the following three types of people: the first category: protein in the body is in patients with severe loss, including trauma, burns, infections, multiple fractures, tuberculosis, chronic hepatitis, diabetic and gastric impairment, large major dysfunction, large diabetic and gastric dynamic dysfunction. Patients with skin ulcers, heart disease combined with evil diseases, surgery of surgery, and tumor radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The second category: patients with insufficient intake or absorption of protein, including neurological anorexia, functional indigestion, and small intestine absorption disorders. The first and second types of patients can take gastrointestinal function and liver and kidney function. When there are no special contraindications, they can take protein powder orally. Third category: people in some specific stages, such as pregnant women, breasts, and gastrointestinal functions, and they can take them under the guidance of the doctor.
Protein required for healthy adults
Daily diet can be satisfied
An ordinary healthy adult over 18 years old is required for an ordinary healthy adult, which requires about 1 gram of protein per kilogram. Men’s protein recommended intake is 65 grams/day, and women are 55 grams/day. The protein required for healthy adults can be satisfied through daily diet. Eat the right amount of staple foods daily (male 6 or more, women with more than 5 or two, heavy), 1-2 bags of fresh milk (250-500 ml) or equivalent yogurt or soy milk, 1 egg, 3 two thin meat, 2 2 lean meat, 2 lean meat, 2 thin meat -3 Two bean products, etc., are enough to satisfy a healthy individual’s daily protein.
Long -term high protein intake
Will increase the burden on the kidneys
Excessive intake of protein will be excreted from urine through the kidneys, not only waste, but also high protein intake can bring a lot of adverse effects on human health.
For example, long -term high protein intake will increase the burden on the kidneys, and even make the kidneys in a long -term overload state, and may accelerate its aging and damage. In addition, too much protein intake can also promote calcium to dissolve from the bone and increase the loss of calcium.
It is not recommended to take blindly during fitness
It is easy to cause anemia and malnutrition
Among some weight loss and fitness enthusiasts, there is a “high protein weight loss method” that has been widely circulated. The core of this weight loss method is to eat only protein foods such as protein powder and not fat and sugar. As a result, excessive protein, serious lack of fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. In the long run, it will cause anemia and malnutrition. The result is likely that fitness weight loss has not been injured first. It is recommended to consult a physician in the fitness crowd to evaluate factors such as exercise intensity, weight and physical health, and replenish protein reasonably.
Do not abuse protein powder for children and adolescents
Don’t aggravate your child’s body burden
Some parents think that protein powder is a good thing. Eating more can help children grow and have intelligence. In fact, children’s height and intellectual development are affected by various factors. The protein that can be provided by protein powder is only part of the overall nutrition. It should neither replace other nutrients. Instead, a large amount of protein powder may cause intangible and serious burden on children’s tender kidneys and liver.
Therefore, children and adolescents can eat normally without supplementing protein powder. Unless they are in a large amount of exercise, or they have a lot of learning pressure, or they cannot consume sufficient protein from eating or vegetarian food. It is still emphasized that the natural diet is mainly to allow children to build good eating habits.
7 people disable protein powder
1. Those who are allergic to protein powder; 2. Gastrointestinal function, gastrointestinal failure, gastrointestinal failure, patients who are in a fasting state; 3. Patients with acute pancreatitis; 4. Patients with kidney dysfunction; 5. liver cirrhosis, liver nature Patients with encephalopathy; 6. Patients with high intestinal fistula; 7. Patients with severe trauma, burns, infections, etc. are in the acute decomposition period. (Text/Yukang Beijing Union Hospital Clinical Nutrition Department)
Source: Beijing Youth Daily