Human beings from ancient times to the present history of aerospace development

We humans have eager to fly since long ago. To say that the first generation of flying people must be a thousand households in our country. About the end of the 14th century, an official named Wanhu (Tao Chengdao) in China, tied himself up with himself with it, with it. On the seat of 47 homemade rockets, then holding a big kite in one hand, imagining to fly to the sky by borrowing the rocket’s upward thrust, and then landing with the kite smoothly.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

As a result, we can also imagine. Although Wanhu failed to fulfill his dream in the end, he left a generous stroke in history.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

In the real sense of our human beings, the first flying sky was not human, but three animals.

The incident occurred on September 19, 1783. On this day, the Montgorie brothers in France made a sensational performance on the square in front of the Palace Palace in Paris. There was a golden, paper and clothing atmosphere on the square. Mi is very similar to a large pear. A potted wicker cage hangs under the balloon with those three animals inside. This is the first hot air balloon.

Everything is ready, the brothers of the Monte Fei lit the tide grass and cloth storage under the balloon, so that the generated hot smoke into the balloon, so it carried the three “passengers”, and Ran Ran rose to about 500 meters from the ground to about 500 meters from the ground. In the air, and under the breeze, it flew 3 kilometers in 8 minutes and finally landed safely on a grassland outside the city. Everyone cheered, this is the first step in human beings entering the sky!

The second time I started a live -action experiment, and began to prepare for the death penalty to do test products. Many people did not agree that human beings could not be the criminal for the first time … So a historian stood out and asked this trial … After fierce competition, the last historian was compensated as a pilot to fly with a Marquis on November 21, 1783. In the cheers of tens of thousands of audiences, they rose to about 300 meters high and crossed the Seine River. After 25 minutes, they landed safely to Monmart. This is the first time that human beings have entered the sky!

人类的从古至今航天发展史

However, the flight that really entered the controlled range was still in 1903. The Land brothers made the world’s first aircraft in the world … they were originally done for bicycle repair, because of their dreams, which invented the world’s first aircraft.

The first is a real practical aircraft. In 1911, multi -engine aircraft, the British Brothers applied for a patent for multiple engine design. Their dual engine system can make every pilot not worry about the plane due to the engine parking. This is a major progress in aviation safety.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

The first jet aircraft was in the late 1930s. The maximum flat flying speed of the piston -driven propeller aircraft had reached 700 kilometers per hour, and it was close to the speed at the time of dive. German designer, Oian’s first success in the development of new engines. In 1934, Oan obtained a centrifugal turbine jet engine patent. On August 27, 1939, Aoan used his mobilization mechanism to become HE -178 jet aircraft.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

The first supersonic aircraft. On October 14, 1947, the US Air Force captain Charles Jeg drove X -1 at a high altitude of 12,800 meters to 1278 km/h, M = 1.1015, and human beings broke through the sound barrier for the first time. At this point, it took 44 years from 1903 to the speed of transcendence in 1947.

The first manned spacecraft, everyone knows that the first astronaut in the world is Yuri Gagarin, former Soviet Air Force Major. On April 12, 1961, he flew into space on the former Soviet Union’s Oriental 1 spacecraft, flying for 108 minutes at a high altitude of 330 kilometers to the ground, surrounded the earth for a whole, and returned safely on the same day. Create an important step in human civilization!

人类的从古至今航天发展史

For the first time in space, the first close contact of human beings entering space is another big step in the development of human history. Soviet astronaut, Leonov, for the first time on March 18, 1965, walking for the first time on space, and returned to the cockpit in only 12 minutes in space. Leonov was on the sky by rising No. 2. The spacecraft was equipped with a air gate, so Leonov was the first person to go out of the cabin from the air gate.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

The first artificial space station enables humans to live in space for a long time. Literary Artillery No. 1 is the first space station in the Soviet Union. It is also the first space station in human history. It was launched on April 19, 1971. The Soviet Union wanted to use the league 10 to transport astronauts into the gift gun No. 1, but due to the problem of berths, the league No. 10 was not successful. Subsequently, the Soviet Union sent the second spacecraft alliance 11 to dock with the space station, and astronauts stayed in the space station for 23 days.

At this time in 1971, the Oriental Red One Satellite in my country has been running for a year! my country’s aerospace has also taken a big step in history.

For the first lunar landing plan, on July 20, 1969, Amsterrand and Oldrin became the first human beings to set foot on the moon. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Apollo monthly plan was the greatest exploration of human beings. At 20:17: 40 seconds on July 20, 1969, Apollo 11 landed on the quiet sea of ​​the moon. About 6 hours later, Amsterrand and Oldlin Sung set foot on the moon. It is a big step for humans.

人类的从古至今航天发展史

The first moon footprint

人类的从古至今航天发展史

The first Mars exploration began in 1962, the Soviet Union’s Mars One. my country ’s Tianwen No. 1 Mars probe was launched by the Long March 5 Yae Rockets at the Wenchang Aerospace launcher on July 23, 2020, and successfully entered the scheduled track. Although my country started late, my country’s starting point is very high. Soft landing, the surface of Mars.

Deep space exploration for the first time. Traveler No. 1. It was launched on September 5, 1977. It visited Jupiter and Saturn. It was the first spacecraft that provided its satellite high -resolution. Its main task was ended on November 20, 1980 after the Jupiter System and the Saturn system in 1980. It is also the first detector to provide Jupiter, Saturn, and its satellite detailed photos. The farthest artificial satellite from the earth. As of October 23, 2019, Traveler No. 1 is at a distance of 21.1 billion kilometers away from the sun. The first destination, our neighbors are better than neighbors …

人类的从古至今航天发展史

At this point, the footsteps of our human beings have never stopped. Believe that the future, human aerospace technology will break through the speed of light and ultra -light!

About the Author

You may also like these