Regarding the problem of excessive stems, this article is good

source:

Hongwei zhao

jxradiology

Eagle’s syndrome (Eagle’s Syndrome)

Refers to

A series of symptoms caused by the shape, length, orientation, and (or) the ossification of the ligament ligament of the stems of the stems are called

Stems with too long syndrome

or

Stem syndrome

(STYLOID Process Syndrome, SPS) was first elaborated by Watt Eagle in 1937, so it is also called Eagle syndrome.

Clinical manifestations:

1,

Cranial Nerve impingerment

Symptoms of nerve compression

Patients Can Have Symptoms Related to Compression and IRRITATATION of Cranial Nerves

Facial Pain While Turning The Head

Facial pain when turning the head

dysphagia

hard to swallow

Foreign Body Sensation

Pharynx

Pain on extending tongue

Tongue pain

Change in Voice

Sound change

Sensation of hypersality

Insteal saliva secretion

Tinnitus or OTALGIA

Tinnitus or ear pain

On PALPATION of the style process tip, Symptoms Should Ideally Be Exacerbated.

Symptoms are worse when p pairing.

2. Arterial IMPINEEMENT

Additionally compression of the carotid artery may also produce vascular / ischaemic symptoms as well as pain along the artery to the supplied territory (thought to be mediated by the sympathetic plexus) including:

Mechanical compression

Mechanical compression

Visual Symptoms

Visual symptom

syncope

Faint

Carotid Dissection

Has Also Been Described

Internal neck arteries

Sympathetic Plexus IRRITATION (Carotidynia)

Symptoms of sympathetic nerve stimulation (cervical anesthesia)

Eye Pain

eye pain

Parietal Pain

Skull pain

Image diagnosis:

There is no conclusion about the diagnostic standards of excessive stems; the report on the length of the stems is between 25 and 30mm;

More than 3cm can be diagnosed with long stems

About 4%of the crowds have too long stems, of which only 4%-15%have symptoms. X -rays are not good in stem device division and stem tunnel ligament.

Stem Turbus Division Picture:

Case picture:

Eagle syndrome with ica compression:

Tonic neutromy causes pseudo -arterial aneurysm:

Bilateral CERVICAL Internal Carotid Artely Dissections in Eagle Syndrome:

Bilateral neck arterial lower layer

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