How much do you know about the cultural knowledge of ethnic minorities in Guizhou? “Fun in seconds”

China’s national culture has a long history

Every nation has a unique culture

And your knowledge of the ethnic minority culture in Guizhou

And how much do you know?

Next, follow the editor to learn


1. Toe accompaniment.

In the territory of Yingwu Town, Panzhou City, there is an ancient folk instrumental music Da Tuo Xiao, which is called “Jiang Bu Du” in Miao. It is made of three sections of thick and sturdy ink bamboo about 130 cm long and 10 cm thick, and when playing, Xiao is placed on the ground, and the first sound hole is pressed with the thumb of the left foot, and the second sound hole is pressed with the thumb of the right foot to play the role of accompanying sound. The combination of hands and feet is very unique and rare among national national musical instruments.

Image source: Tianyan News

2. Buyi copper drum.

China is the homeland of copper drums, which were the first to be used in the world, and it is also the country with the most unearthed and preserved copper drums in the world today. The Zhuang, Dong, Shui, Buyi, Miao, Yao, Yi, Gelao and other ethnic minorities in Sichuan, Yunnan and Guiyue have a long history of using copper drums. Copper drums prevail in the social life of the Buyi people, in the national culture, copper drums as musical instruments, artifacts and heavy instruments, although produced in the Bronze Age, but for a long time, today, the Buyi people are still used, to the study of the Buyi political, economic, cultural has a very important role.

Image source: Cool Travel Guizhou

3. Dong songs.

Da Ge is the essence of Dong music, and its main feature is the formation of polyphonic structure and expression techniques in music. The Dong people have traditional singing classes and singing teams, and every festival or song team visits or welcomes the visit of the song team, and gains its reputation for singing “big songs”. When the song class sings, the lead singer is combined with the chorus of the crowd to separate the high and low voices, and its complete multi-voice structure is the most perfect folk chorus found in China, known as the “sound of heaven”.

4. Zealand Kapu.

In the Tujia language, Zealand means to cover and Kapu means flower, and “Zealand Kapu” is the flower cover of the Tujia people. In the past, when the Tujia girls got married, they had to make beautiful “Silan Kapu” on the weaving machine. It is a kind of Tujia brocade, a strange flower in the national crafts of the Tujia family, and is listed among the top five brocades in China with its unique craftsmanship and wonderful composition.

Image source: Phoenix Art

5. Splash water to welcome your relatives.

The Yi compatriots believe that clear water can drive away evil spirits. Every time she gets married, the woman’s home must organize a water splashing team, set up a “roadblock” in advance, hide it in front of the house and pass through the road, fill it with water with buckets, basins, etc., and when the receiving team arrives, scoop water and splash it, which means washing dust and removing pollution, auspicious and wishful. Other ethnic minorities have similar marriage practices.

Photo author: Laugh it off

6. Beat the eggs.

It is an ancient and unique mass sport of the Gelao people. The egg is made of bamboo, shaped like an egg, the size of a fist, divided into solid and hollow, and painted with various colors, like a colored ball. When the number of people on both sides is equal, draw a dividing line in the center of the field as the “river”, and the two sides are separated on both sides, and use their hands, bamboo poles, etc. to pat, buckle, hold or kick the ball to cross the “river”. If the ball cannot hit the “river” or touches the body, it is negative; After the ball hits the “river”, if the opponent cannot catch it, he can cross the “river” to occupy the territory within the landing point of the ball, redraw the “river” as the boundary, and finally until one party is driven out of its own field.

Image source: Tianya Forum – Colorful Guizhou

7. Water book culture.

Water Book is the general name of Shui ancient characters and books, retaining picture text, hieroglyphics, abstract characters, known as the “I Ching” and “Encyclopedia” of the Shui tribe, listed in the list of Chinese archival documentary heritage in 2002, and “Water Book custom” was included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list in 2006.

Image source: Baidu Encyclopedia

8. Hui wooden balls.

Hui traditional sports. The race was played on a 40-meter-long and 25-meter-wide field. Each team has 5 players, holding the batting board in hand, using techniques such as passing, catching, dribbling, grabbing and hitting the ball to avoid the opponent’s defense and hit the ball into the opponent’s goal to score. The duration of the game is 40 minutes, each half is 20 minutes, and the break between the halves is 10 minutes.

Image source: Colorful Guizhou Net

9. Let the horse go halfway.

When the Bai girl got married, she walked halfway to the groom’s house with the welcoming and sending off procession, and helped the bride off the horse to rest for a while, known as “halfway to the horse”. Even if the bride and groom are neighbors, they have to take a detour to herd the horses. It means that the bride is married and has become a man’s family, even if she is old and the soul wants to return to her mother’s home, she will get lost and cannot find the ancestral hall of her mother’s family when she arrives here.

Image source: Baidu Images

10. Gas stone origin.

There are many myths and legends of the Zhuang people, the content is roughly the theory of the birth of heaven and earth, the idea that man will conquer the sky, the boundless and boundless of the sky, the origin of human beings, etc., more typical is the origin theory of “qi” and “stone” of the Zhuang people, which contains the idea of simple materialism.

Image source: People’s Network

11. Elder Yao’s deliberations.

Yao “Yao Lao” is a general term, generally refers to the elderly who are responsible for handling internal and external affairs in the village and are trusted by the masses. The Yao elders, who were responsible for various affairs, became the link in the social life, production and labor of the Yao people, with a simple primitive democratic nature.

Image source: Dongjun Images

12. Pan Gong King Song.

The Shes are in long narrative poems, also known as “High Emperor Song”, “Pangu Song” and “Dragon Emperor Song”. In the form of mythology, it recounts the legend of the ancestor of the She, Pan Gong, who made miraculous achievements and reproduced the descendants of the four surnames of Pan, Lan, Lei and Zhong despite hardship.

13. Fighting the ground bull.

A sports activity loved by the Maonan people. The competition is held on flat ground, with the center line and the sideline drawn on the ground, where the two people put their heads on their heads or shoulders against their shoulders to form a “bullfight”. The game was announced, and the two pushed hard, and whoever was reached outside the sideline lost.

Yang Bangxian (photo)

14. Naadam Day.

“Naadam” is a Mongolian transliteration that not only translates to “entertainment, games”, but also means the joy of harvest. Autumn “Naadam” is a traditional Mongolian culture, ancient and sacred, which occupies an important place in the life of the Mongolian people. Fengshan Yi Mongolian Township is located in Dafang County and is the only Mongolian township in Guizhou.

Image source: Baidu

15. Elephant step tiger palm.

When the Mulao people are idle, they draw a line on the ground, and the contestants stand on both sides, both palms facing each other, and when the referee gives the order, both sides can move and use force, the purpose is to push the other party out of place, or deliberately relax, so that the other party’s body leans forward and the soles of the feet cross the boundary. This activity can exercise a person’s arm strength, foot strength, and endurance.

Image source: Sister Feng said folk games

16. Manchu Sankang.

The Manchus pay great attention to the etiquette of generations, such as Manchu families who first entered Guizhou, usually have three kangs in their houses, of which the western kang is expensive and reserved for guests to live in; The Northern Kang is the sky, and the elders live; Nankang is small and lives in juniors.

17. “Yunyun shoes” and “pointed shoes”.

A handmade cloth shoe that the Qiang people like to wear, the shape of the shoe is quite like a boat, the tip of the shoe is slightly upturned, the sole is thick, and the upper is embroidered with colorful clouds and other cloud patterns and azalea clusters. Men’s shoes are called “Yunyun shoes”, and women’s shoes are called “pointed shoes”.

Image source: World Clothing Shoes and Hats Network

18. The tiger holds the egg.

A sports activity popular among ethnic groups. That is, one person dressed as a tiger, hands on the ground, protecting three tiles or stones on the ground, several people managed to seize from several sides. The “fake tiger” kicks the “egg”, and the one who is kicked is replaced by the tiger holding the egg. If all three “eggs” are taken away, the tiger holding the eggs is punished for “ploughing the field as an ox”. Other regions also have the saying of “phoenix eggs”.

Image source: China Qiang Cultural Information Network

19. Whiplash movement.

It is a popular sports activity among all ethnic groups, suitable for all ages. Roughly divided into copper money gyroscope, spool gyroscope, wooden gyroscope, plastic gyroscope, metal gyroscope, heavy metal gyroscope, etc. The main techniques of whipping are front whip, counterwhip, provoking whip, fast whip, heavy whip and so on. The main playing methods of gyro are straight hit, diagonal hit, sparring hit, left and right hand flip play, etc. On July 21, 2018, the Wild Yuhai Whipto Culture Museum in Shuicheng County was certified by the World Record Certification Agency (WRCA) as the world’s largest Whipto Culture Museum.

Image source:

20. Waist machine weaving.

The waist machine is one of the oldest and simplest looms in the world. Our country has appeared in the Neolithic period. The original loom was a “loom” that sat on the floor, and the weaver sat down on the side of the cooked leather, and its force was all on the waist, hence the name waist machine. The most important achievements of waist weaving were the use of warp rods, warp splitting sticks and weft knives.

Your knowledge of the culture of ethnic minorities in Guizhou

Got it all?

Why not check it out here!

(Source: Liupanshui Municipal Sect Committee)

Image source: Colorful Guizhou Net

About the Author

You may also like these