Comparative analysis of the market and advantages and disadvantages of glass bottle packaging and plastic packaging
1. Market forecast
According to a recent report released by Marketsand Markets, the world’s second largest market consulting firm,
The global cosmetics packaging market is expected to grow from $49.4 billion (approximately RMB 345.51 billion) in 2020 to USD 60.9 billion (approximately RMB 425.94 billion) in 2025.
The sales scale of China’s cosmetics packaging materials market increased by 28.8% year-on-year from 7.28 billion pieces in 2017 to 9.38 billion pieces in 2021.
From the perspective of demand, the steady growth of China’s national consumption power has made the market scale of industries including jewelry and cosmetics continue to grow, while the market competition in these industries continues to intensify, labor costs continue to rise, and environmental protection requirements continue to increase, which in turn gives birth to a large number of business opportunities in the fields of high-end packaging materials, packaging design and packaging manufacturing.
Second, the analysis of commonly used materials in the cosmetics packaging industry
In addition to good barrier, functional and decorative cosmetic packaging materials are also very important, and the various forms of cosmetic packaging materials are mainly divided into
Primary and auxiliary packaging
There are two main categories. The part that is in direct contact with cosmetics is called the main packaging, all kinds of glass bottles, plastic bottles, hoses, etc.; The part that does not directly contact with cosmetics is called auxiliary material packaging, generally all kinds of packaging boxes, cosmetic bags, paper labels, etc.
At this stage, there are four main categories of common cosmetic packaging materials:
Glass, plastic, metal and flexible packaging.
Among them, glass packaging materials are mainly used in cosmetics cream bottles, essences, toners, essential oil bottles and other fields, glass packaging materials are mainly composed of three categories: main materials, auxiliary materials and special materials.
Plastic packaging materials are mainly used in the field of cosmetics for hoses, cream bottles, bottle blowing, pump heads, outer covers, etc.; Metal packaging materials have good barrier, especially aluminum has a very strong barrier ability to water and oxygen, and can play a good protective role for the contents, and is mainly used in the field of cosmetics for some essential oil additive skin care products, makeup packaging boxes, etc. Among them, plastic is the main material of cosmetic packaging, accounting for more than 70% of the market share.
Third, cosmetic glass packaging
Glass packaging products have the advantages of non-toxic, odorless, transparent and beautiful, good barrier, pressure resistance and high temperature resistance
Compared with plastic, paper, metal and other packaging materials, glass packaging materials are chemically stable and are the safest packaging materials at this stage.
1. Common types of glass packaging
Glass packaging materials are mainly used in cosmetics cream bottles, essences, toners, essential oil bottles, etc
Field. Glass packaging materials are mainly composed of three categories: main materials, auxiliary materials and special materials. The main materials mainly include silica sand (or quartz powder), soda ash (Na2CO3), limestone (CaCO3); Excipients mainly include fining agent (generally sulfate), co-solvent (generally nitrate, sulfate); Special materials (generally oxidants, physical decolorizing agents).
2. Advantages of glass packaging
Glass packaging is one of the four major materials in the packaging industry, accounting for 15% of the market share. Due to its own excellent characteristics and the continuous improvement of manufacturing processes, glass packaging materials can still meet the application of most industries such as food and medicine at this stage. Glass packaging materials mainly have the following advantages:
a. Glass material has excellent protective properties, impermeable, impermeable, ultraviolet shielding, good chemical stability, non-toxic and odorless, can effectively preserve the contents;
b. The glass has good transparency, easy to shape, and can achieve the function of beautifying the goods;
c. Glass packaging materials have strong plasticity and can be made into various styles of packaging materials, which greatly meets the diversity of goods;
D. Glass strengthening, lightweight technology and composite technology have developed to a certain extent, strengthening the adaptability to packaging, especially in disposable packaging materials, glass materials have strong advantages.
, glass packaging disadvantages
Glass packaging materials also have the disadvantages of low impact strength, easy breakage during collision, high transportation costs, and good light transmittance that will deteriorate the contents:
First of all, environmental pollution is serious, in the mining of siliceous raw materials in China, 10%~15% of the available ore is discarded, the yield of hard sandstone does not exceed 60% on average, the yield rate of quartz sand after beneficiation does not exceed 70%, and the comprehensive utilization rate of minerals is very low. Excessive energy consumption and resource consumption are more serious environmental pollution. Harmful dust in the process of raw material processing, harmful gases, smoke, waste residue, etc. emitted during glass melting, waste water and waste oil discharged during processing, all cause serious damage to the natural environment;
Second, the production efficiency is low, China’s glass packaging technology level is backward, the added value of products is low, product design lacks creativity, and market competitiveness is insufficient. Although China has made great progress in glass melting technology, glass forming technology, raw material quality control, etc., there is still a big gap between us and developed countries in the entire international shopping mall;
Third, the recycling rate is low, Japan’s glass recycling rate is about 50%, Germany’s glass recycling rate is about 80%, while China’s glass recycling rate is only 20%, which will produce a large amount of waste is not conducive to China’s sustainable development.
Fourth, cosmetic plastic packaging
Plastic packaging is one of the four major materials in the packaging industry accounting for 25%, plastic packaging materials in the field of cosmetics are mainly used in hoses, cream bottles, blowing bottles (essence bottles, water bottles), pump heads, outer caps, etc.
The main raw materials include: polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene terephthalate-1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol ester (PETG), styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (AS), acrylonitrile-styrene-butadiene copolymer (ABS), etc.
1. Advantages of plastic packaging
With the development of resin synthesis technology, the advantages of plastic packaging are becoming more and more prominent:
a. Plastics have excellent physical and mechanical properties, such as certain strength, elasticity, folding resistance, friction resistance, vibration resistance, moisture resistance, and good gas leakage resistance;
B. The chemical stability of plastics is good. Acid and alkali resistance, chemical agent resistance, grease resistance, corrosion resistance, non-toxic, etc.;
c. Plastic is a lightweight material. The specific gravity is about 1g/cm3, which is about 1/5 of metal and 1/2 of glass;
d. The processing and molding technology of plastics is simple and can be made into a variety of forms of packaging. There are many molding technologies for plastics, such as blow molding, extrusion, injection molding, vacuum, heat shrinkage, stretching, etc., using these technologies can be made into films, sheets, pipes, woven fabrics, non-woven fabrics, foaming materials, etc.;
Plastic has excellent light transmittance and surface gloss, and has good printing and decorative properties.
, plastic packaging disadvantages
Plastic as a packaging material also has many shortcomings and deficiencies, the strength is not as good as steel, the heat resistance is not as good as glass, it is easy to age under the long-term action of external factors, some plastics have peculiar smell, waste is difficult to treat, easy to produce pollution, etc.
Recommended high-quality packaging materials: glass packaging.