It took a full two months to finally put the full version of “The Great Qin Empire.”
After watching, this drama has a total of five 217 episodes (respectively, fission, vertical and horizontal, rise, east out and the world), which adds up, about 163 hours.
This series, which has lasted for 11 years, although the reviews on the Internet are mixed, but I just want to strongly recommend it after watching it.
To sum up: this is a very good set of film and television works, especially for lovers of history, politics, literature, and sociology, it is very worth watching.
So, what are these “Great Qin Empires” about?
To put it simply, it tells the story of several emperors of the Qin Dynasty.
First of all, it was Qin Xiangong’s master who fought hard for survival, fought to the death, and fought bloody battlefields.
Then, Qin Xiaogong Huanquliang was ordered in danger, and after knowing the shame, he was brave, and he advocated changing the law, and he was in a desperate situation.
In addition, King Qin Huiwen won and crossed, made long-distance and close attacks, raised animals, and rejuvenated the country.
Then, Qin Zhaoxiang Wang Huanji continued to forge ahead, rose up in a foreign army, defeated strong enemies, and cleared obstacles.
Until the end, Qin Shi Huang won the long historical song of pacifying the six countries and ruling the world.
Although the TV shooting also has some unsatisfactory points.
However, its history spans a long period (more than 140 years from the Battle of Shaoliang in 362 BC to the domination of the Qi state by Qin in 221 BC).
There are so many storylines.
(From Huan Shixian, Huan Qu Liang, Ying Si, Huan Dang, Huan Ji, to Huan Zhu, Huan Zi Chu, and Huan Zheng, through the seventh and eighth generations of ancestors and grandchildren, during which the Battle of Shaoliang, the Battle of Yique, the Battle of Yushan, the Battle of Changping, the Defense of Handan, the flooded Yancheng, the flooded capital of Yingdu, the flooded Daliang, the Shang Martingale Transformation Law, the Su Qin Dynasty, the Huayang Palace Change, Li Bingzhishui, Zheng Guo repaired the canal, Yumu Lixin, Wei Wei rescued Zhao, completed the return of Bi to Zhao, Jing Ke’s assassination of the King of Qin and many other historical allusions).
The filming took a long time (it took 14 years before and after), and the investment cost was huge (it is said that the total investment was more than 400 million yuan), which is incomparable with many historical film and television works.
Looking at the entire road to the rise of the Great Qin Empire, the reason why it was able to achieve the historical transformation from poor Qin, weak Qin, and barbarian Qin to rich Qin, strong Qin, and fierce Qin, and realize the turning change in the attitude of the princes and states of the world towards the Qin State from being lowly Qin, dividing Qin, and destroying Qin to fearing, respecting, and subjecting Qin, its successful experience is worth pondering, and can be summarized in at least the following seven points:
Always adhere to the path of rule of law.
The rise of the Qin state originated from the Shang Martingale Transformation Law.
The previous state of Qin had been in famine, war and turmoil, although there were the five hegemons of Spring and Autumn during the period of Duke Mu of Qin, but then Duke Li, Duke of Man, Duke Jian, and Duke Chuzi, and the fourth dynasty’s political faint, resulting in frequent internal turmoil in Qin, external troubles, Hexi was lost, letters and passes changed hands, and Qin began to be a corner from a big country. Later, Xian Gong succeeded to the throne in an attempt to revive, but he fought hard for many years with little success, and finally died of hatred.
When Duke Xiao of Qin succeeded to the throne, the state of Qin was weak and the people were poor, and the countries were humble to Qin, did not participate in the alliance, and wanted to divide Qin and destroy Qin quickly.
At that time, the Qin State was almost on the edge of life and death, and if it was not revitalized, it would definitely become the anvil meat and kettle food of other princes and powers, and it would be divided and eaten, and even the extinction of the extinct race. (Bai Qikeng killed 200,000 Zhao Guo pawns is a good example.) ）
Why did the hegemon of the Spring and Autumn period fall to such a point, Shang Martin gave the answer when he was boating with Huanquliang (equivalent to Longzhong):
The Qin state practiced the rule of man, not the rule of law.
Although the rule of man has the characteristics of flexibility, speed, efficiency and strong adaptability, when used to govern the country, it will show the disadvantages of arbitrariness, difficult control, easy deviation, and even subversive mistakes.
As Shang Martingale said: When people rule, when you meet a clear king, you are strong, when you meet a common king, you are weak, and when you meet a dim king, you die.
It is too dangerous to tie the fate of a country and a nation to one person.
The rule of law has the characteristics of stability, longevity, fundamentality, rationality, communicable and predictability, and only by strictly implementing the rule of law, so that a country, a place, and a region always move forward along the track of the rule of law, so that the country’s major policies do not change dramatically due to the change of monarchs, and do not undergo subversive changes due to changes in the monarch’s concerns, can we achieve stable and far-reaching and sustainable development.
After the Shang martingale changed the law, the Qin state completely embarked on the road of rule of law, although the later monarchs were not all Ming monarchs, such as Huan Lang Gang was self-sufficient, Huan Ji used traitors, Huan Zhu’s reign was too short, Zi Chu was weak and incompetent, and there were many turmoil during the period, such as the Huan Zhuang rebellion, the dictatorship of the Marquis, the Huayang Palace Change, and the Qiu Yi Rebellion, but the road of the Qin State to rule the country according to law has never changed.
Because of the strong foundation of the rule of law, the Qin state’s national foundation has not been damaged, its foundation has not been moved, and its vitality has not been damaged, so it has laid the political, economic, cultural and military foundation for the government to dominate the world. Historically, there are many cases of restoration and change of law, such as Wang Anshi in the Song Dynasty and Zhang Juzheng in the Ming Dynasty.
The rise of Japan also stemmed from the Meiji Restoration.
In today’s world, governing the country according to law has become the general consensus of all countries in the world, and as early as more than 2,000 years ago, our ancestors contributed Chinese wisdom and strength to the rule of law.
Always adhere to the talent strategy.
Another key factor in the rise of the Qin State is its eclectic concept of employing people, which can gather talents from all over the world and use it.
In his book of evictions, Li Si has a relatively incisive exposition on the strategy of rejuvenating the country by talents of the Qin State:
“Ximu Gong asked for a scholar, the west took Yu Yurong, the east got a hundred miles to taunt Yuwan, welcomed his uncle Yu Song, came to Pi Leopard, and Gongsun supported Yu Jin. These five sons were not born in Qin, but Mu Gongzhi, and the state of Twenty, then dominated Xijong. The law of filial piety and commerce, changing customs and customs, the people are prosperous, the country is rich and strong, the people are happy to use it, the princes are personally obeyed, and the teachers of Chu and Wei have been raised for thousands of miles, and they have ruled strongly. King Hui used Zhang Yi’s plan to pull out the land of Sanchuan, merge Bashu in the west, collect Shangjun in the north, take Hanzhong in the south, Bao Jiuyi, control Yanying, and take the danger of Chenggao in the east, cut the soil of the anointed, and then scatter the followers of the six kingdoms, so that the west will serve Qin, and the merit has been applied to this day. King Zhao obtained Fan Yu, abolished the Marquis, chased Huayang, Qiang Gong, Du Private Gate, encroached on the princes, and made Qin an emperor. These four kings are all meritorious guests. ”
It can be seen that the rise of the Qin State was mainly due to the assistance of a large number of capable generals.
In the film, the Wen Chen who has appeared successively include Shang Martin, Jing Jian, Zhang Yi, Fan Yu, Lv Buwei, Li Si, and the military generals include Che Ying, Zi’an, Yingjiang, Huanhua, Gongsun Yan, Bai Qi, Wang Gong, Meng Xiao, Wang Chui, etc.
Among these people, some are Qin people, some are not Qin people, some are after Wang Sun General, and some are poor and destitute people, but Qin Jun can use it regardless of nationality, regardless of origin, without seeking full blame, only according to talent, only by ability, and by quantity.
Moreover, there are promising, advantageous and famous, and almost all of them give honor to the prime minister and high-ranking officials.
Even a villain who escaped from Fan Yu was worshipped as a prime minister by King Qin Zhaoxiang. In particular, Qin Xiaogong Huan Quliang told the world in the recruitment book:
However, there was a brilliant plan to restore the Qin state to the hegemony of Mu Gong, hold a high-ranking official, lead the country, and share the Qin state.
Shang Martingale (formerly known as Wei Martin) successfully changed the law and was made the Prince of Shang, almost on an equal footing with the King of Qin.
Throughout the history of the Qin state, the reason why Qin was successful was because since the beginning of Mu Gong, Qin did not avoid hatred externally, and did not avoid sons internally, and only applied it. 4 The tradition of selecting meritocracy and ability penetrated deep into the government and the public, and Fang Youdaqinzhi became stronger and stronger, and finally ruled the world.
Compared with the princes and countries at that time, no one in the Qin State could match its discernment, sincerity in loving talents, courage in using talents, and grace in tolerating talents.
Always adhere to the combination of Germany and France.
Virtue and law are two sharp tools for mediating social relations, and when used well, they complement each other, and when they are not used well, they hinder each other. The ideal state is that virtue is a major circle and law is a small circle, and the two are tangent within the bottom.
That is to say, law is the bottom line of morality, all lower morality has legal guarantees, and all laws are moral. The worst case scenario is that law is externally tangential, i.e. all laws are immoral.
Of course, in most cases, law and morality intersect, and some laws go beyond the boundaries of morality and become evil laws. Shang Martingale changed the law and achieved great success, but some laws were too strict, which led to the opposition of many Qin people, especially the punishment of Gongsun Jia, which offended the old clan headed by Gongzi Qian, resulting in Shang Martingale finally being executed by Che Crack.
After Shang Martin’s death, although the laws of the Qin state were adjusted, the severe punishment and harsh laws did not fundamentally change, which also laid the foundation for the second Qin official to force the people to rebel and eventually collapse.
If the rule of law is to last, it must be governed by virtue, so that the laws enacted are as moral as possible, reflect the will of the people, and are understood, accepted, upheld and respected by the majority of the common people.
There is a saying in the ancient text, called “harsh government is fiercer than the tiger”, the final fall of the Qin state, mainly because the harsh punishment of the Qin state forced Chen Sheng, Wu Guang can only take risks and fight a battle, but where there is still a way to survive, there will not be so many people gambling with their own lives and even the lives of their entire family.
Tang Taizong Li Shimin has a famous saying: water can carry a boat, and it can also overturn a boat.
If we do not put people first, are not considerate of people’s feelings, do not pay attention to human nature, do not pay attention to indiscriminately, and blindly pursue the statute of limitations, the law does not tolerate mercy, the law is like a mountain, and there is no grace outside the law, the rule of law will only be strengthened, lose its temperature, and the effect of the rule of law will be greatly reduced.
The wisest choice is to combine Germany and France, which should be ruled by both rule of law and rule by virtue, complementing and complementing each other.
Always adhere to close unity. The reason why the Qin State was able to resist strong enemies and dominate the world was also because the Qin State had always been united and united in harmony.
Especially during the period of Qin Xian Gong and Qin Xiaogong, Qin State popularized an inspirational slogan: Zhao Zheng Lao Qin, go to the country together, blood will not be dried, and vow not to return.
Although there are also internal disputes, internal strife, and turmoil in the Qin State, in the face of strong enemies and external troubles, it can always put aside disputes, abandon past grievances, and unite with the outside world. Including the seizure of power by the public office, the dictatorship of foreign relatives, and the abuse of power by powerful ministers, most of them are internal fighting, and they rarely collude with external enemies. In other countries, there are many disciples who eat inside and outside, and the Qin and Chu disciples, the Housheng of the State of Qi, the Nangwa of the State of Chu, the Guo Kai of the State of Zhao, and the Prince of the State of Wei are all typical losers.
Lenin once said: Fortresses are easiest to breach from within. The princes and heroes have joined forces several times to knock on the Qin, but each time they have their own ghosts, each of them has its own affairs, and each has its own small calculations, and cannot unite and cooperate to form a joint force, and finally ends in failure.
There is a red song called Unity is Strength.
Only unity can be like steel and iron, like a spear like a sword, can we conquer and win battles, can we draw blueprints and achieve dreams. There is a fable in elementary school textbooks about three brothers folding chopsticks, one chopstick is easily broken, and a bundle of chopsticks is difficult to break. We are now also in a world of great strife, and the world powers are all looking at us, and how we can survive and develop is only unity.
Always adhere to the sense of worry.
Mencius wrote in “Under the Notice”: If you enter, you cannot be a gentleman, and if you go out, you will be invincible to foreign patients, and the country will perish, and then you will be born of sorrow and die of happiness.
Since its dedication to the public, the State of Qin has never forgotten national shame, self-improvement, internal and external troubles, and it is this strong sense of distress that has inspired successive monarchs, military generals of successive generations of Wen Chen, and successive Qin people to strive for good governance and strive for strength. In contrast, the country of Qi is strong, the country is rich and the people are extravagant, but it does not want to forge ahead.
The state of Chu is powerful, the mountains and rivers are vast, but it sticks to the rules. It was eventually destroyed by Qin in a warm boiled frog.
After Qin unified the six kingdoms, there were fewer internal worries and no external troubles, and even though there were golden iron horses, even if the country was rich and the people were strong, and even though there was a strong letter of merit, it still could not stop the pace of its demise. Therefore, only by thinking of danger in times of peace, thinking of change in times of stability, taking precautions, and always harboring worries can we be forever stable and endless.
Always be goal-oriented.
Gibran wrote in his poem “The Prophet”: Sometimes we go too far and often forget why we set out.
During the Spring and Autumn Warring States period, the heroes chased the deer, and many great powers were like a flash in the pan. However, the Qin state always focused on one goal from the time it was dedicated to the public until it won the government, that is, to seek prosperity and strength for the country and rejuvenation for the nation.
During this period, although the monarchs changed one after another, and the batch after batch, the goal of the revival of the Qin State never changed.
Because of this, the Qin State has maintained a strong momentum of development.
In particular, after King Qin Huiwen won the throne, he established the strategic goal of deciding to go east and dominate the world, and all the institutional arrangements, such as expeditions to Bashu, pacifying Rongdi, building canals and roads, stockpiling money and grain, training new troops, developing merchants, slaughtering pawns, and forming alliances and marriages, were all paving the way for the unification of the world.
After several generations of continuous efforts and continuous development, it finally got what it wanted. The successful experience of the Qin State tells us that the goal must be long-term, and cannot be changed overnight or arbitrarily. As long as the goal is firm, a blueprint is drawn to the end, and generation after generation is done, there is always great hope for success.
The most undesirable thing is to change channels twice in three days, get overwhelmed and confused, and finally be busy for half a day, and achieve nothing.
Always keep the world in mind.
As the old saying goes: Those who do not seek the overall situation are not enough to seek a domain; Those who do not seek the world are not enough to seek a moment. Qin Zixian succeeded to the throne, and successive monarchs considered the world.
Whether it is to sacrifice public for survival, filial piety for development, win for prosperity and strength, win for rise, win government and hegemony, all domestic and foreign affairs, always look at the overall situation and keep the world in mind. In particular, Qin Xiaogong Huan Quliang issued an order to seek talents, gather talents from all over the world and use them, and change the law to become strong.
King Huiwen of Qin won the alliance, crossed the horizontal, long-distance friendship and close attack, and rejuvenated the country with diplomatic relations. Qin Zhaoxiang Wang Huanji strongly advocated the east, severely damaged strong enemies, and repeatedly broke the alliance. Qin Shi Huang won the government and animal breeding strength, destroyed the six countries, and ruled the world. The above four monarchs all use the world as a chessboard, strategizing and galloping.
And the State of Qi and the State of Chu have no big ambitions, they just want to be a corner of the well and be a frog at the bottom of the well, but under the onslaught of Qiang Qin, how can they be left alone?
In the film, Qin Shi Huang Huan Zheng once said:
Only when the world is unified and all peoples are united can strife be ended and peace forever
。 Although after Qin unified the six kingdoms, it was not peaceful, but the unified multi-ethnic state of the Chinese nation began in the Qin Dynasty.
Finally, seven words are summarized: rule of law, talent, moral governance, unity, worry, goals, and the world, which are the foundation of success.
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