From the old Tibetan monument of the Old Tibetan Tibetan Tibetan Tibetan Tibetan Tibetan Books and Books

Lu Yi Chen Yiwei

Born during the Daoguang period, Shen Zengzhi witnessed the great change of modern China ’s modern turmoil. Between the old and new alternation, he across the fields of history, geographical studies, lawology, Buddhism, poetics, and other fields. Review one by one in a book one by one. The Zhejiang Museum has a lot of old collection books and inscriptions. These or Zhu or Mo’s heads seem to be unsure, but they read them in detail, often giving people a sense of cheerfulness.

A few days ago, “澹 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日 日” was published by Zhejiang People’s Fine Arts Publishing House. Exploring his collection of books and book studies.

Shen Zengzhi


Shen Zengzhi (1850-1922), Zi Zipei, No. ace, late Nu, Jiaxing, Zhejiang. In the sixth year of Guangxu (1880) of the Qing Dynasty (1880), the Ministry of Criminal Ministry was the head of the Guizhou Department, and then turned to Jiangsu Sirozhong. Political ambassador, the final study of Shangshu. His life has experienced a series of historical events such as Reform, Westernization Movement, Zhang Xun’s Restoration, the Revolution of 1911, and the New Culture Movement, and witnessed the great transformation of China’s modern turbulence. It is such a former Qing Dynasty old man and a scholar who can write. His learning activities are huge and profound, and “life theory, do not want to attack the predecessors’ words, retrans the reason, the most consciousness, every in the bird road of the silkworm cluster, the predecessor is unprecedented. . And its communication, then the liver and gallbladder. Sixty, after sixty, the gods are bright and the suspension of suspension “(common saying). His macro is across the fields of history, land, law, Buddhism, poetics, etc., and more importantly, in response to his era. You can do this, which is related to his life -seeking books and sensitivity.

In the thirty -four years of Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty, Pan Yue Sui Kuangchuan was engraved with “Nikko Record” Shen Zengzhu’s old collection. Some grandfather Shen Wei, Shen Wei, approved, school, and post.

Fortunately, the Zhejiang Provincial Museum collected the old collection of old collection books and inscriptions. His academic experience is recorded in a book in a book with a collection of postscripts, essays, and comments one by one as an important way for his reading, collation, and examination. These or Zhu or Mo’s heads of the head are messy, seemingly unsure, but read it in detail. From the beginning of the obscure, repeated chewing, to gradually getting better, often giving people a sense of glory. At the same time, we also reflect the narrow knowledge of our post -learning. Shen Zengzhi gave us the path of reading, and also gave us a research key to understand his academic thoughts.

In the six years of Qing Daoguang Guangzhou, the book “Customs and Customs” is the old collection of Shen Zengzhu’s family. “Zhai Re -publish”, there are Shen Zengzhi approved and school.

We made a preliminary classification of the old Tibetan of Shen Zengzhi. This time, the finishing is mainly concentrated in his two aspects: ancient books and inscriptions. In the ancient books, the first batch of Shen Zengzhi old Tibetan books was better and had a lot of school posts. Printing, etc.), and wrote a detailed book. According to the general requirements of ancient books, according to the title, volume, size, line layout, cover, content, content, original book preface, post -school posts, seal, language, book shadow and other items. The order of directory arrangement is based on the version of the book. At the time of the record, the version was mainly specified in accordance with the original book, supplemented by the “Sea Rita Tibetan Book” compiled by Shen Zengzhi, the son of Shen Zengzhi. The place where the book needs to be explained by the test is described as “according to words”.

The epitaph of the Six Dynasties “Jin Yue Yue and Wife Liu Jian Xian Xian Tenth (Putting on the End)” Shen Zengzhi criticized

Liu’s repeated Lantai “Lanting” Shen Zengzhi criticized

In the calligraphy, the 16 types of “Six dynasty epitaphs”, 14 “Lanting Preface”, two “Holy Education Preface” and five other types of posts were selected. Zhonglian’s “Hai Ritou Za Cong · Hai Ritou Title Post Post”. In addition to the basic introduction of Takuyoto, it focuses on the excerpts of Shen Zengzhi, and combined with the history of calligraphy history to make some interpreted words, try to contact Shen Zengzhi’s personal calligraphy, and find the source of ideas of knowledge.

Jiang Fengzao’s copies of Qing Dao Guangjian, Wei Xi Zeng and Zhou Xingzhang’s school drafts “Life Life” Shen Zengzhi criticized


In the ten kinds of Shen Zengzhu old collection books, in addition to the two manuscripts of “Life Life” and Shen Zengzhi himself, “Sea Rita Tibetan Books” are all recorded. And many postscripts in the book, the currently included in the books of Shen Zengzhu’s postscript, mainly “Title of the Hai Ritou Qun Book” by Shen Yan’s school, and Qian Zhonglian’s “Hai Ritou Za Cong · Hairi Tower Title Post Post”, Xu Quansheng and Liu Yue and Liu Yue The “Five types of postscripts of the Hai Ritou Books” organized by Mei, of which the three records of “Song and Yuan Test” and “Element Poetry Collection” have been recorded, and the rest are not visible. On the other hand, in the past, it often focused on one person, especially Shen’s post. From the perspective of the study of the book collection itself, in the book, the collection has the source of the source, and the postscript has the postscript. Therefore, this time, use one book as one object, and all basic information is described as possible. In this way, it is believed that the academic effect of Yuzhang has a clearer effect.

Yu Pillow “Lanting” Shen Zeng Zhiba

In the early years of Shen, he had to study in Bao Shichen. He was adequate in his prime. His school monument, or the lack of history of the classics, or the origin of the style; his inspection not only values ​​the old extension, but also emphasizes the extension. In the “Six Dynasties’s epitaphs”, Zhuzhong Xingxing Kai Lishi changed the transformation and obtained the independent consciousness such as “exotic soda”, “ancient and modern mixture”, “North and South Convention”; The source flow of “Pavilion Post” also perceived. This paradigm similar to Ouyang Xiu’s “Ji Gu Lu Tail” is also the continuation of the daily writing of later literati in the late Qing Dynasty.


Shen Zengzang’s “Song Tuo Thirteen Walks” postscript

Although the time of this time is short, there are few books and selection, but I have deeply insisted on the necessity of long -term consolidation of Shen Zengzhu’s old Tibetan ancient monuments. Through preliminary collation, we can see that its book collection is characterized by orderly and in order to learn. The collection of books is mainly based on the study of blogging. Therefore, Shen Zengzhu has a lot of postscripts in the collection of collections. He is omnipotent in the version, sound, and training. It is supplemented by it and has a subtle academic power. From the collection of books, it can be seen that Shen Zengzhi was diligent in his life and his studies. Shen Zengzhi was conscious of the loss and mutation of the calligraphy style in the process of inheritance. He was good at the advantages and disadvantages and interconnection between posts and posts, and had his own opinions on the division and traceability of the genre. We can also glimpse the mystery of the alchemy of the book body in the old age from the next branch of their books, thus occupying a place in the monument movement in the Qing Dynasty. Although Shen Zengzhi has not published many works, his academic thoughts of his life are still like snow mud claws, there are traces to follow, and they are not only a generation of Confucianism, but also university people and philosophers.

“《《楼: Hairi Building Old Tibetan Ancient Tibetan Monument to Way”; Lu Yi Chen Yiwei

Attachment: Shen Zengzhi two old Tibetan


Jin Xunyue and wife Liu Jianxun’s epitaph (and yin side)

The first year of Yong’an (304) April 18th. The epitaph is as high as 59 cm high, 41.6 cm wide, 9 cm thick, and green stone texture. Essay 17 lines, yin 18 lines, 3 rows on the left, 2 rows on the right side, 21 words. Lishu. Seeing the engraved book, the first line of “Yin”, the second line “years old”, the seven lines of “Ling”, “Writing”, and the “Money” of the Thirteen Elements are errors. The sixteenth line of “sending” and the “Ling” of the fifteenth line of the yin side is not a word. In 1917, it was unearthed in Cai Zhuang (Yitu Wenzhuang), Henan. It is now hidden in the Henan Yanshi Mall Museum, and the epitaph is hidden in the Henan Provincial Museum. Zhiwen records the world of Xun Yue, the year of the death, the birth, and the year of the year, and the two sons of Emperor Jinhui are attached. On the back, Xun Yue’s name, birthday, and official position were recorded, and his wife Liu’s world department and his children’s names and marriage situation were attached.

Xun Yue (246-295), the word Yu Bo, the small name of the small character, Yinyin County (now Xuchang, Henan).

This Hangshi Meridian also, Zhonglang’s pens are…

Jin Xunyue and wife Liu Jianxun’s epitaph


Shi Jing pointed out that the classic literature such as Confucianism and Taoism is engraved into a monument. Guanshi Sutra can not only see the classic formal text, but also the standard liberal script for people to write.

Zhonglang is the Eastern Han Dynasty Cai Yan. The Emperor Hanling approved the engraved of the Ping Ping Shi Jing, which is “(Cai) 邕 邕It is “the beginning of the monument, the viewing and writing, the car rides more than a thousand vehicles, fills the street Mo”.


In Cao Wei, the three -body stone meridian was engraved. At this time, ancient texts and seal books are ancient body, Lishu is a positive body, cursive script, script and regular script are vulgar and new body. Compared to the style of the Eastern Han Dynasty, Cao Wei’s vulgar status was established and was widely imitated. In the transition book of Li Li and Kai Kai at that time, the higher artistic achievement was the Zhong Yan after Cai Yan. He is good at new body, and he is based on the eight points of the “Book of the Stone”. Shen Zengzhi also hidden the extension of the three body stone meridians, as shown in the figure below.


Shen Zengzang Tibetan Three -Body Stone Meridian Tuo Ben

The title of the Western Jin Dynasty, which is admired by the scholars in the Qing Dynasty, is based on the Han and Wei Division. This monument is in the Western Jin Dynasty. Mingshi Shu is still in Lishu. The center of calligraphy is still in Luoyang. Although the epitaph is written by Lishu, it has the meaning of regular script. It not only has the artistic value of calligraphy changes in the Wei and Jin dynasties, but also provides valuable physical materials for the position of the Emperor’s Mausoleum of the Western Jin Dynasty. The origin of the family of Xichuan and the rising and declining development of the Xichuan Sichuan in the Han Dynasty, including the etiquette and customs of the Western Jin Dynasty, was also of great significance.

Xun Yue’s peers were the grandson of Zhong Yan. When he led the Secretary Supervisor during the beginning of Wudai, he “Dr. Li Shu, taught disciples to teach, and he used Zhong and Hu as the law.” This move made Zhong Yan’s calligraphy more popular in the court. Shen Zengzhi said in “The Gore Pavilion”: “The Cai’s division is divided, that is, the Zhong’s law.” Wind comparison, further analysis: “The bell is the thinnest, and the king is fat and thin. The little king is the most straight, the king is straight, the bell is the best. It took the law to Zhong Yan, but they had brought the Jin people’s atmosphere. Under the requirements of simple and natural and natural, the dots of the restraint in Lishu make the transition change accordingly, prompting Lishu to the regular script, and Zhang Cao transitions to Jin Cao. The stroke modification of the wave dot is both the characteristics of the book body and the element that can be used flexibly. Then, in the text, Shen’s also mentioned the “short -term vice, exoticism” that Cai Yan wrote “Li Shi” in “Lishi”. It can be seen that there is no strict division between the changes in this book body. In another article “On the Charity of Kai Lishi”, he talked about Xi Gu’s main points in “Kai’s vividness, mostly taken to the line. Liney is born, and the culverts are born with the momentum. Therefore, “change” is what he pursues. “Alien” and “Ancient and Modern Emotions” have also become an important view of Shen Zengzhu’s personal book, and resorted to practice, unique in the monumental movement in the Qing Dynasty.


Shen Zengli Wang Xian’s trip book Zhejiang Museum Collection


Shen Zeng’s manuscript “Qin Ding Mongolian Source Stream Story Syndrome”

“Mongolian Origin”, written by the Qing Dynasty Mongolian Saqianchen. The author claims that this book is written based on seven Mongolian and Tibetan text materials such as “Ancient Mongolian Mongolian Khan and other Source Stream Big Yellow Book”. “Mongolian Origin” is the most precious historical document in the 17th century Mongolian chronicle, and it is also an important religious history literature in the Mongolian. In the forty -two years of Qianlong (1777), it was translated as Manwen. In the fifty -four years of Qianlong, he was translated into Chinese, saying “Ding Mongolian Source Stream”, which was compiled into eight volumes. The book has included the “Siku Quanshu”, and before the “Summary of Mongolian Source”. At the end of the 19th century, Belgium, Japan and other countries began to focus on the study of the “Mongolian Source”, and collectively referred to the three major historical works of the Mongolian nation with the “History of the Yuan Dynasty” and “Mongolian Golden History”.

“Qin Ding’s Mongolian Source Stream Story”, Shen Zeng Zengzhui’s testimony, manuscript book; this original manuscript is Zhu Mo’s two -color notes, using the bottom book as the eight volumes of the “Qin Ding Mongolian Source Stream”.


The box is 18.1 cm × 13.8 cm, and the frame is 24.7 cm × 15.5 cm.


【Xingge Model】


Half -leaf eight lines, eighteen characters, double lines and eighteen characters, white mouth, bilateral, single black fish tail.


The cover of the letter is “Mr. Shen Yizhen’s Mongolian Source Stream School Draft”, and there is a double -line small word “Career Brother Tibetan/Meng Ye”.

“Qin Ding Mongolian Source Stream” Volume 1


Books are divided into eight volumes. The main content of the description is the order of Ernatkkktt Better Mongolia Khan, as well as the deeds of Mongolia support the Great lama and explain Buddhism. Taking the formation of the universe, the origin and spread of Buddhism as the origin of the book, the secondary Natk Turut Better Mongolian Khan Shi. According to the annual record of the emperors of the Mongolian emperors, to the legends and stories of Genghis Khan, to Kublai Khan’s Buddhism, the lost country of the Emperor Shunjie, and then to the emperor in Mongolia during the Beiyuan period, with Wirat (Wajie ) The division and war of Wu Liangha (Duo Yanwei), Danyan Khan’s calming and sealing, Altan Khan’s re -Buddhist Buddhism and the use of soldiers, green, and western regions, the eastward movement of Turk Tabu Khan And conquering women, such as Lin Danhan’s resistance and defeat, the merger of the various ministers.

The book’s description of Mongolia’s politics, economy, religion, territorial division, war and Khanji, names, year of birth and death, and officials, and officials, etc. are the most detailed among all Mongolian literary and historical books. This book has prose and rhymes. It also includes the language of many Mongolian folklore, poetry and Tibetan, Vatican, Han, Manchu and other ethnic groups. It is precious historical documents for studying Mongolian literature, religion, and living customs.


【Original Book Preface and Post】

Jin Xunyue and wife Liu Jianxun’s epitaph


In front of the volume, “Qin Ding Mongolian Source Summary”.

[Later generations approve school postscript]

The book has a detailed reading annotation of Zhu Mo’s two colors. The topic of the curl: “As soon as Gui Chou passed by Wang’s manuscript, Zhu Bi. Zhu’s book was recorded from Manchu, Mongolia, and Han. “Sann Lama” changed to “Sande Lama”, and Note:

“Qin Ding Mongolian Source Stream Story Certificate” Shen Zengzhi


[Takamo Shen Zengzhi] At this moment, Hanwenzhai Han Xing’s original hand, Yuan Ban copied very evil, and talked it. For thirty years, we want to be good at our school. Xuan Tong Gui Chou had a manuscript from Shanghai, and the collation was passed, and the texts increased the texts.

Zhang Ertian Titles Post


[Title Family Zhang Ertian] Mr. Shen Yizhen also wrote the original manuscript during the certificate. In Gengwu Xia, the elder brother of Cihu was compiled by the manuscript, and the participation of the school was not compiled. This manuscript should be hidden at home and save Gaoxian ink. Rongshu is returned. Zhang Ertian Meng Qi knows.


Zhang Er Tian’s postscript: Zhu Wen “Meng Yan”. One seal of the three rolls: Bai Fang “Yizheng School”.


According to Shen Zengzhu’s posts, the book was originally engraved with Qinghan Wenzhai House. Zhu’s Ben “and so on. In the book, Shen Zengzhi has a lot of detailed school batch. Not only is it limited to reading the book from the perspective of text, sound rhyme, version, etc., but also demonstrate history, geography and religion. There are also several clips, the content is “Chapter 2 of the History of Indian Religious History”, “Chapter 4 of the History of History of Tibet Buddhism”, etc., and most of the reference books and notes written by Shen Zengzhi. Elite You Qin. Zhang Ertian said that the book “complicated narrative and re -translated. Those who were familiar with Manmeng Yin could not read. Those who were not deeply used by History to make good use of hooks could not communicate … “”.

Shen Zengzhi proves the handwriting

Shen Zengzhi had a good experience in the study of the public land. During the township test, the answer sheet of the public land was regarded as the people. And his research career is closely linked to his political career, researching but seeking the world. After he served as Zhang Jing, the prime minister’s affairs, he was in charge of Russian affairs and suffered from the threat of the Northwest Russia and Southeast Britain. In 1893, the Russian envoys Kasinini used the “Tang Xun Special Delicon Monument”, “Turkic 苾 可 1 1 1”, “Nine surnames Hui, Lisao, who did not densely, and the sacred text of the Holy Win Monument,” Evolution, Shen Zuo three monuments, won the recognition of everyone. This incident was widely circulated, and Western scholars also cited more. In the writings of Shen Zengzhi’s life, the study of the four descent places occupied very important parts, including “Note of Yuan Secret History”, “Emperor Yuan Shengwu’s Reception School Notes”, “Island Yizhi Lue Certificate”, “Mongolian Source Streaming” Wait more than ten. Among them, the “Mongolian Yuanliujian Certificate” was returned to Daoshan without writing. Later, his son Shen Yan (Ci Hu) posted a manuscript Qian Zhang Ertian, which was set as eight books, and Zhang added school supplements. After writing, Fu won the kingdom from Zhao Wanli, and found that there were many units, and then the Wang’s school language was published.


In addition, the handwriting has an irreversible copy and circle handwriting in the manuscript. Consult the “No. 9 Box Box” of “Hai Ritou Collection”, “Eight Volumes of the Mongolian Source Stream”, [inner vine] Bingqing approves school books, four books “. Naito Hunan (1866-1934), a Japanese sinologist, a real name Tigero, the word Bingqing, No. Hunan. If this book is the book, or there is no handwriting of Nodo.

Note: The author Lu Yi and Chen Yiwei are associate research librarians of the Zhejiang Museum.


Editor in charge: Huang Song

School pair: Ding Xiao

Shen Zengzhi proves the handwriting

About the Author

You may also like these