What are the inconspicuous killer in World War II? Glitiden invented the barbed wire on November 24, 1867
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What are the inconspicuous killer in World War II? November 24, 1867: American Joseph Gliden invented a patent for the patent.
What are the humble small inventions in this world, but have caused countless soldiers?
I’m afraid it’s the iron wire.
Don’t underestimate the wire mesh, at least millions of soldiers have given it to it.
The wire mesh was originally a ranch tool, which is generally composed of stakes and wire.
Farmers in the Midwest of the United States generally use spikes to prevent livestock from being lost.
These iron wires are very useful. Whether Niu and Horse cannot run through it, it is tough and difficult to damage. It does not need to be repaired frequently.
Soon, the U.S. military discovered the actual value of the wire mesh and began to use it in large quantities after the Civil War.
Modern iron wire was born in 1867. The American Joseph Gliden invented the patent of the barbed wire and obtained a patent.
There is only one role of the wire mesh, preventing enemy soldiers from entering its own position.
After the invention of heavy machine guns, the wire mesh has become a system equipment for various countries.
All countries have found that heavy machine guns can indeed form a fire net, blocking the emergence of enemy soldiers.
However, the firepower projection of heavy machine guns requires a certain time to completely eliminate the enemy within the kill range. Training well -trained enemies will try to avoid heavy machine gun fire and move forward quickly. The infantry is moving forward in the way of creeping, the speed can be fast, and it does not take much time to approach the position.
Then, it is very important to stop the enemy in the fire network as long as possible.
Compared with the mines, Muzhai, and trenches, the iron wire mesh is obviously the most cost -effective and the effect is the best.
Land mines are disposable, and there are certain density requirements, which cannot be available.
Muzhai’s blocking effect is poor, it is outdated.
The trench has a certain hindered effect, but it can also become the enemy to hide its own bunkers, so as to avoid the firepower of the machine gun and lose.
The use of the wire mesh has completely changed all of this.
This seemingly technical wire mesh that seems to have no technical content makes the soldiers scorch and helpless.
There are many types of iron wire mesh, and the effects are very good. It is basically impossible for ordinary infantry to cross the wire mesh with bare hands.
If the fire can be fry directly, the iron wire is not Muzhai, but some unsatisfactory iron wires are difficult to bombard. In the later period of the Versailles War, the French bombarded the German position for more than 1 hour, and the result destroyed a quarter of the enemy’s wire.
However, these destroyed iron wires still have certain blocking capabilities. Even if only a part of the wire is left, it is enough to stop a large number of soldiers.
In fact, the military iron wire is very different from the ordinary iron wire we see. The spikes of the military wire mesh are more sharp, and there are too many pheasters, which is very damaged to human tissue. Moreover, the iron wire mesh is mostly entangled on the fixed object.
Any fleshy body touch the iron wire, and the injury is second. The key is to be entangled by the wire mesh and it is not easy to get out. Once the soldiers are entangled, the more the soldiers are struggling, the tighter.
In order to break through the wire mesh, the offensive side often allows soldiers to bring pliers to cut the wire mesh first. The famous martyr Qiu Shaoyun was responsible for cutting the wire mesh. This task is very dangerous. It is located at the forefront and is directly exposed to the enemy’s artillery. It is a life of nine deaths.
During World War II, the Soviets were often handed over to the soldiers of the punishment camp before the offensive. These people are wearing sin and standing, and they will be assigned the most dangerous tasks. Ordinary Soviet soldiers called the soldiers of these punishment camps as “death teams.” The casualties of the punishment camp were extremely high. In 1944, their loss rate exceeded 50%, which was 3-6 times that of ordinary troops.
In addition, even if the barbed wire is cut out of some gaps, it often becomes the best shooting point for heavy machine guns. A large number of infantry comes in from here and will be killed by machine guns.
Moreover, the iron wire on the battlefield is not only 1 floor, sometimes as many as seven or eight floors.
You cut one, there is one, and another one, and there are many.
When you spend time to deal with the wire mesh, the enemy machine gun bullets and mortars will fall on your head like rain.
Taking the brief work of the First World War as an example, it is generally: the Thunder District -Tef wire -iron wire mesh -the first trenches -the second trenches.
The strengthening position is basically: the lightning area -anti -tank — iron wire mesh -thunder area -iron wire -the first troop -anti -tank mines — iron wire mesh -the second trenches want to break through these iron nets, any army has to pay a lot of costs.
The iron wire of the First World War caused huge casualties. Essence
The French infantry in the Battle of the Somme Remember: “The Germans of the Germans are like nightmares. We hit in a cage like an animal.”
The purpose of the British to study the tank in World War I was to support the firepower, and the second was to crush the iron wire mesh to cover the infantry assault.
Actual combat proves that the British tank’s cover infantry ability is very poor, but it can effectively destroy the wire mesh. From the perspective of British infantry, it is enough to destroy the wire mesh.
During the Anti -Japanese War, the Japanese also used the wire net to deal with the guerrilla warfare of the Eighth Route Army.
Outside the Japanese artillery tower, trenches and two iron wires are often deployed. When attacking the artillery tower, the Eighth Route Army is often blocked by the iron wire mesh. It encounters a densely kill of Japanese machine guns and gornery, and the casualties are great.
Even today’s U.S. military still uses a large number of iron wires in the security war in Afghanistan and Iraq, and the effect is still good.
In addition to the wire mesh, the more interesting small invention is anti -tank rejection horses.
This is a very cheap and effective anti -tank obstacle, which is still in use today.
As early as the World War I, the Germans found that there were wooden obstacles that could effectively block the British tanks.
During World War II, countries generally used anti -tanks to reject horses.
Initially, the anti -tank rejected horse was woody, and it was bundled with multiple wooden stakes to form a multi -angle obstacle.
This kind of thing is very large, which is invalid for infantry, and can even be used as a cover of a single infantry.
However, the tank is a headache when he sees these things, and can only bypass it. If the horses are on the main road, the tank soldiers must first exclude obstacles before they can march.
During World War II, countries changed anti -tanks to reject horses to more strong steel, while others were poured with cement, and anti -tank capabilities were more powerful.
There are several characteristics of anti -tank rejection.
The first is easy to make.
There is no technical content in this stuff, and any factory can make a large number of steel rejecting horses.
As long as there is enough steel, rejection of horses can create amazing quantities and deploy them everywhere.
The second is strong anti -tank capabilities.
The tank can crush the wire mesh and short obstacles, but it cannot deal with the anti -tank rejection.
If the tank is forcibly crushed, it will cause the horse card to stop and lose the ability to move.
Even the tank is deformation of the rejection of the horse, causing severe damage to the tank.
Third, it is difficult to rule out.
This stuff is made of steel, and it is difficult to destroy it even nearby. Essence
At the same time, the rejection horses look large. In fact, the cross section is small, and the artillery is not easy to hit it.
Generally speaking, anti -tank rejection must be dealt with by engineering professional blasting or heavy barrier vehicles.
However, under the direct deterrent of enemy firepower, these explosive devices are difficult to move.
Everyone knows that anti -tanks refuse horses, I am afraid that most of them are in movies, especially in “Save the Big Soldier Ryan”.
At that time, there were countless anti -tank rejection horses, which caused the U.S. tanks to be able to log in effectively at all, and infantry became a living target for German machine guns.
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