China has never called this; the Japanese call it a “people’s set”. This clothing and derivatives have become the main costumes of the Chinese before the 1980s. Today, China -DPRK leaders are also wearing Zhongshan outfits in some important occasions.
1. Ideological meaning
Zhongshan is named after Mr. Sun Yat -sen’s name. When the Kuomintang Constitution was formulated in the 18th year of the Republic of China, all civil servants who were a certain level of civil servants should wear Zhongshan outfit when they were sworn in to obey Mr. Holmes’ laws: vertical lapels, front plackets, five buckle front plackets, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers, four stickers. Three buckle cuffs. The back film is not torn. These styles are actually very particular. According to the etiquette of Zhou Dynasty and the Book of Changes, they all have their meaning. Sun Yat -sen explained the ideological and political significance of clothing:
1. Four pockets outside the clothes represent “the four dimensions of the country” (that is, ritual, righteousness, righteousness, shame);
2. The importance of pocket lids and brush -shaped in the middle of the arc above the pocket represents the importance of intellectuals;
3. Five buttons on the front and five pockets (one inside) represent the five -power constitution theory of Mr. Sun Yat -sen (administrative power, legislative power, judicial power, review rights, neckline and supervision power) (buttons) and internal (pocket) In order to show people’s supervision of supervision power);
4. Four buttons on the front 4 pockets include four rights owned by the people: “election, creation, dismissal, and referendum”;
5. Three buttons of the cuffs represent the three principles of “national economy and people’s livelihood”;
6. The collar is a closed lapel, indicating the rigorous concept of governing the country;
7. The back is seamless, implying the righteousness of national peace and unity.
Second, the characteristics of Zhongshan dress
Zhongshan costumes are based on extensive absorption of European and American clothing. The characteristics of the suit and Zhongfu designed four -pocket clothing with straight lapels and flip, which are called Zhongshan costume by the world. Since then, Zhongshan has been popular, and once became one of the most popular costumes for Chinese men.
Because Mao Zedong, the founding leader of the People’s Republic of China, often wore a Zhongshan dress in public, the West is also used to calling it “hair outfit”. In the 1960s and 1970s, hundreds of millions of Chinese adult men were wearing Zhongshan outfits. After the 1980s, with the deepening of reform and opening up, fashion and other fashion gradually became popular. Although Zhongshan is gradually forgotten, it is worth mentioning that Chinese leaders are still accustomed to wearing Zhongshan clothes when attending major domestic activities. In 2009, on the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, leaders of President Hu Jintao and other national leaders were wearing Zhongshan, facing the world, and facing the world.
Third, the origin of Zhongshan outfit
The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), a Chinese man combed his head and wearing a hat, all Manchu style, continued until the beginning of the 20th century. Although China has entered the journey of modern history, traditional clothing still maintains a certain degree of stability. In 1885, Li Hongzhang established the Beiyang Military Academy in Tianjin to hire German instructors for training. Military uniforms also use a German style, wearing yellow khaki and straw hats in summer, and black pants and hats in winter.
In 1895, Governor Zhang Zhidong of Liangjiang also imitated the German system training for the strong army. They are all imitations. “At the same time, Yuan Shikai used German -style training to train new troops. Officers and soldiers’ uniforms, boots and shoes were imitated German, and the colors were black. In the second year of Guangxu (1900), the traditional costume style began to receive foreign clothing. The influence of style, “Zuo Ding School Regulations” recorded: “School uniforms in various provinces follow Western style, short coats, leather boots. “There is no difference between civil and military.” The western style of the new military uniform followed the new military training system for the new military training system nationwide was one of the reforms of the late Qing Dynasty.
Some changes in the new army in the late Qing Dynasty. In the evening of 1905, fresh military uniform reforms basically copied European military uniforms and rank systems in Europe, especially Germany. Given that after the fresh army’s replacement of Japanese uniforms, the long braid cannot be inserted into the military cap, affecting the accuracy of the shooting. The Grand Press takes this opportunity to initiate the discussion of cutting braids and changing clothes again. In order not to provide public opinion with the excuse of cutting braids and changing clothes, the Qing government ordered soldiers to wear braids in military caps. It was not until the outbreak of the 1911 Revolution in 1911 that some fundamental changes occurred, which marked the complete disintegration of the Qing Dynasty and the end of an era. After the 1911 Revolution in 1911, Zhongshan felt that the clothes at that time were not enough to show the achievements of the 1911 Revolution in 1911. At that time, Sun Yat -sen felt that there should also be clothing that represents the achievements of revolutionary achievements in 1911 for the Chinese, so Mr. Sun Yat -sen combined the suit with some special meanings to create a Zhongshan costume.
4. The formation of Zhongshan dress
In 1919, Sun Yat -sen commissioned Shanghai Henry Clothing Store to change a set of British Army uniforms into a casual outfit. On the basis of retaining some military uniforms, this casual suit absorbs the advantages of Chinese clothing and suit, which is simple and generous. Due to the advocacy and fame of Mr. Sun Yat -sen, this casual dress style quickly spread, and after continuous modification, he developed into Zhongshan costumes and became a common dress for Chinese men. There are other sayings about the origin of Zhongshan costumes. Some say that it came out in Guangzhou in 1912, and some said it was restructured from the Japanese railway uniform. Huang Longsheng mentioned here is an overseas Chinese in Vietnam and has a clothing store. In 1902, Sun Yat -sen went to Vietnam to revive the China Association and went to the Huangshi Store. When Huang learned that the customer was Sun Yat -sen, he immediately asked to join the China Revival Association to contribute to the revolution.
Zhongshan installation was set like this in 1912. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, because the revolutionary leaders and cadres were wearing Zhongshan outfits, people also used this clothing to express their welcome to the new era. As a result, Zhongshan was welcomed in the society and became the iconic costume of Chinese men’s clothing. Even on the catwalk today, you can still see fashion clothing that evolved from it. Then, then, then
5. The origin of the name
Zhongshan costume is a major category of modern Chinese clothing. There is a pocket with a lid and button on the upper and lower sides of the jacket, and the lower body is pants. This was worn by European military uniforms that became popular after the Revolution in 1911. Sun Yat -sen, a great revolutionary pioneer, was worn as a temporary president. It’s called Zhongshan suit. It has the characteristics of our nation. It is simple, comfortable and hard to wear. When the Kuomintang Constitution was formulated in the eighteenth year of the Republic of China (1929), a certain level of civil servants should wear a Zhongshan dress when they swore to show the law of the Mr. Mr..
There are different theories about the origin of Zhongshan outfit. According to some news, Zhongshan Installation was originally transformed from the military uniform at the time. In 1919, when Mr. Sun Yat -sen lived in Shanghai, he brought a set of military uniforms he had worn to the famous Henry Clothing Store, and asked to cut into “casual clothes”. After changing to “leisure clothes”, it still looks a bit like British military uniforms. But in the leisure suit, it is neither “Tang suit” nor “suits”, so the clerk gave it a name in Zhongshan. At that time, there was a seam on the back, a belt in the middle of the back, 9 buttons in the front placket, and the upper and lower pockets had “fat folds”. Because Mr. Sun Yat -sen enjoys a high reputation at home and abroad, this kind of clothing is all the rage and quickly spread throughout the country.
The other is a Cantonese version. It is said that when Sun Yat -sen served as the Commander -in -chief of Guangdong in 1923, he designed the “corporate leading uniform” top of Nanyang overseas Chinese at the time as the basis. With the assistance of Long Sheng, the first set of Zhongshan costumes was completed. This statement is generally credible, but the details are not necessarily credible. The Sun family, Cantonese, has always regarded Nanyang as his second hometown (Chen Jiageng also said in his memoirs). Nanyang’s corporate dress dress is similar to that of Guangdong’s leisure costumes, so the production of the Cantonese version of Zhongshan suit is more reliable.
“Beijing Pictorial” on May 14, 1929, Issue 318, Issue 318, “The Origin of Sun Yat -sen’s Server”: “I met a noble in the south yesterday. In order to describe the origin of the Kuomintang, I realized that the so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called so -called The representative of the three people and the five powers is a misunderstanding of the far -fetched meeting. One day, I want to inspect the army and want to wear the uniform of Marshal, but I feel too grand and inadvertently put on it. The hunting suit wearing it feels very suitable. So the clothes came out, and then hundreds of officials imitated it as the Zhongshan costume. The style has changed slightly now, nor is it the first prime minister. Jun has served in Zhongshan for many years, and this is true. “
In fact, Zhongshan dress is derived from the student uniform, which is more reliable. The first student uniforms were mostly imitated Japanese students ‘uniforms, while Japanese students’ uniforms used the Japanese Navy’s uniforms, which is the European military uniforms learned. Sun Yat -sen has been in Japan for many years, and I have always liked to wear Japanese school uniforms. Therefore, in November 1926, when the “Good Friends” paintings published “Mr. Sun Yat -sen Memorial Special”, the introduction of the photos published by Mr. Sun Yat -sen said simply: “Mr. likes to wear school uniforms, and today, May 5, 1926″ ” The 21st news of the Declaration “Modification of the Three Friends Industry Associations”: “Uniforms are divided into two types of A and B. Even in some major current affairs news, the case is the case. The 8th edition of the “Father” on July 19, 1928, “Jiang continued his speech at Peking University yesterday”: “At 9:30 tonight, Jiang was pretending to go to Peking University to give a speech from all walks of life. “As the heir of Sun Yat -sen, Chiang Kai -shek wore the most authentic Zhongshan costume, but the newspaper was also said to be a student outfit.