28 Basic Rules and Tips for Phonics in English (Classic Collection)

Phonetic transcription is the first step in learning English,

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Below share 28 phonics rules for the natural pronunciation of words,

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01 . The letter q is always with u, pronounced /kw/, where u is not a vowel.

02 . The letter c is pronounced /s/ (cent, city, cycle) before the letters e, y, i, and /k/ (cut, cap, cop) before the other letters.

03 . The letter g before the letters e, i, y can be pronounced /j/ (page, giant, gym), where the letter e and g before i can also be pronounced without /j/ (get, girl, give); The g before the other letters is pronounced /g/ (gate, go, gust).

04 . The vowels a, e, o, u are generally at the end of the syllable (open syllable).

Read it as it is

Alphabetic sounds (long a, e, o, u), help students correctly divide and spell unfamiliar words of vowel letters + consonant letters + vowel letters (report… rather than report)。

05 . The letters i and y are often pronounced /i/ (big, gym), but can also be pronounced /aɪ/ (silent, my, type).

06 . An English word ends with the letter y instead of i (my, by).

07 . There are five cases where the letter e at the end is not pronounced. (e.g. me, she, and he short words at the end of the letter e is pronounced as e, the longer word end of the e is not pronounced) The last letter e is not pronounced should be considered “having a job” (undertaking a job)


Bake gene time/type code cute causes the vowel letters preceding him to pronounce the alphabet.


Love gives blue true Let’s not end a word with a V and a U.


Chance Bodice Charge Allege makes G and C pronounce the soft sounds /j/ and /s/.


Little castle bottle dabble fiddle avoids a syllable without a vowel letter.


are nurse raise bye ewe owe cause This is called the no-work ending letter e by Ms. Spalding; Ms. Sanseri called the old working letter e and said that the unpronounced letter e except for the first four is called the old working ending letter e.

7.5.1 Make a word that is not plural not end in s (dense instead of dens, purse is not purs, false is not fals).

7.5.2 Lengthened


Main-idea, such as awe, ewe, rye

7.5.3 Distinguishing the meaning of homonyms. Such as or/ore for/fore

7.5.4 In English and loanlanguages (


The last letter e is to be pronounced) remained, not pronounced now. Such as treatise giraffe

08. There are five letter combinations pronounced /er/ sound/, remember the following sentence: Her nurse first works early. This sentence is pressed

English usage

in descending order. In addition, or can pronounce the /er/ sound after w. Also remember that some of the ending of the word have ar and or also pronounced /er/, such as dollar, doctor.

09 . Rule 1-1-1: In monosyllabic words, the end is a single tone plus a single consonant, and when adding a ending change starting with a vowel, you need to write the last consonant letter again and add the ending conjugation. (e.g. hopped—hopped). But the end of the word is except for x, because it consists of two sounds /ks/

10 . Rule of 2-1-1: In two-syllable words, the end is a single tone plus a single consonant, and when adding a ending change starting with a vowel, it is necessary to write the last consonant letter again and add the beginning — begin + ning. The second syllable cannot be double-written with the last consonant letter (enter, profit, budget)

11 . To go to the e rule, words ending in an unpronounced e need to remove the unpronounced e at the end when adding a ending change that begins with a vowel. (come—-coming)

12 . Is it IE or EI? In general, it should be IE, but 1) use EI after C; 2) When pronounced the letter a, use ei (neighbor, weigh, vein). There are exceptions to Neither foreign sovereign seized counterfeit forfeited leisure. Plus: either weird protein heifer:

13 . The phoneme sh is used at the beginning or end of a basic word (she, dish) and at the end of a syllable, but never at the beginning of the latter syllable, unless it ends in ship (worship, friendship)

14 . The phonemes si, ti, ci are most commonly used at the beginning of the second and subsequent part of a basic word, pronounced /sh/. It is often possible to determine what phonemes to use when pronouncing /sh/ by examining the root and root words. Like what:

infect to infectious / collect to collection / potent to potential

music to musician / space to spacious / finance to financial

soci (companion) to social / ancien (old) to ancient

cruc (cross) to crucial / speci (kind) to special

15 . The phoneme si pronounces /sh/ when the previous syllable ends in an S (session), and a basic word has only one s (tense—tension) after the ending, where the phoneme si pronounces /sh/.

discuss to discussion / compress to compression / admis to admission

16 . Phonemes si can be pronounced /zh/, such as vision, division, occasion, explosion.

17 . Monosyllabic words with only one vowel, often double-written with endings l, s, f. such as will, off, miss. Sometimes this rule is also used in two-syllable words, such as recess

18 . When the ending of the word is a long sound, ay is often used at the end of the word instead of a. (bay, day, decay)

19 . When the vowels i and o are followed by two consonants, they are often pronounced long. (find, old)

20 . s never follows x, phoneme x contains a /s/ sound, /ks/

21 . Go to L rule 1: all appears alone with two l, but only one l in the prefix. (almost, also, although)

22 . Go to L Rule 2: Till and full appear separately with two L, and only one L as a suffix. (until, plentiful)

23 . The phoneme dge is only used after the unitary sound, and this vowel is shortened (badge, edge, bridge, lodge, budge)

24 . Y to I rule: When performing a consequence inflection, the ending is a consonant letter +y, change y to i. The following two situations (1) plus -ing, (2) will cause syllable splitting after change.

city/cities beauty/beautiful play/player funny/funniest

multiply/multiplying rely/reliable cry/cried deny/denied

25 . The phoneme ck is only used after the single tone, and this vowel is shortened (back, neck, lick, rock, duck)

26 . Z at the beginning of the letter is always pronounced /z/, will not be pronounced /s/

27 . Phonemes ed have three sounds, the basic word ends with /t/ and /d/ sounds, ed pronounced /ed/ (divide—divided, heat—heated); Basic words ending in voiced consonants, ed pronounced /d/ ( lived), pronounced /t/ (stopped) ending in a voiceless consonant

28 . Words are often syllabic between double consonants [ but be careful not to separate consonant letter combinations ( e.g. ma the ma tic ) , accented syllables are pronounced only with consonants, and unstressed syllables are not pronounced little.

When translated, consonant translates as consonants and vowel as vowels.

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